Appendix 1: Methodology
All APS agencies were required to report data for all employees that were employed under s22(a), s22(b) and s72 of the Public Service Act 1999 (PS Act) as at 31 December 2016. This report excludes: casual employees under s22(2)(c) and Locally Engaged Employees under s74 of the PS Act, employees on leave without pay and employees at the Trainee/Cadet classification. Agency Heads, and public office holders are also excluded as their remuneration is set by the Remuneration Tribunal.
The data received from agencies was checked by the APSC to ensure accuracy. Any discrepancies identified were returned to agencies for correction and resubmission. At the conclusion of the data cleaning process, the agency's data was sent to back to the agency for sign off.
The data for part-time employees has been changed to full-time equivalent (FTE) and, for many variables, employees who have worked only part of the year (though active as at 31 December), have had their data annualised. This ensures that each employee's data has equal weighting.
Employees who were in a graduate program in 2016 are shown as a 'Graduate', even if they had advanced to an operational classification by 31 December. For the latter employees, remuneration is at their last day as a Graduate.
Some columns in the tables may not add up because Total Remuneration Package (TRP) and Total Reward (TR) are calculated separately for each individual employee and it is these values that determine the median. Therefore, the median TR figure will not necessarily be the sum of all median values of the components which make up TR. It will be the median value of TR for all employees.
Figures have been rounded to the nearest dollar. As a result, there may be some min values of 0 in Section 7: Remuneration Findings by Classification. A period represents no data for that particular field.
Data values published in the 2015 APS Remuneration Report have had a small revision and the revised values have been incorporated into this Report. As a result, a very small number of values as at December 2015 will not match across the published 2015 and the 2016 Reports.
Data in this report should not be used to calculate past or present populations of the APS.
Appendix 2: Definitions
n is the number of employees.
The average is calculated by summing all values and dividing by the total number of values. This is also known as arithmetical average and mean.
The following statistical terms are determined by ordering the data values in ascending order:
The 5th percentile (P5) is the point where 5% of the values are below and 95% of values are above.
The first quartile (Q1) is the point for which 25% of values are below and 75% of values are above.
The median value is the midpoint of all values. It is the point for which 50% of values are below and 50% of values are above.
The third quartile (Q3) is the point for which 75% of values are below and 25% of values are above.
The 95th percentile (P95) is the point where 95% of the values are below and 5% of values are above.
Example: values ranging from 1 to 20 inclusive
The tables in this report were prepared using SAS. There are many methods used to determine the median, quartiles and percentiles. Where a data point falls between two values, the method used in this report takes the mean of those two values.
Base Salary describes the full-time equivalent annualised salary paid to an employee. It includes salary sacrifice amounts (including pre-tax employee superannuation contributions made by salary sacrifice) and excludes bonuses and other benefits.
Total Remuneration Package (TRP)
TRP is defined as being Base Salary plus the value of any benefits including superannuation and motor vehicles.
TRP = Base Salary
+ Agency superannuation contribution
+ Motor vehicle cost/EVS
+ Cash in lieu of motor vehicle
+ Motor vehicle parking
+ Other benefits
+ Other supplementary payments not otherwise described
Total Reward (TR)
TR is defined as being TRP plus bonuses.
TR = TRP
+ Actual performance bonus paid in previous 12 months
+ Actual retention bonus payments paid in previous 12 months
+ Productivity bonus
+ Sign on bonuses
+ Group or whole of agency performance bonus and allowances
Total Rewards plus Allowances (TR+A)
TR+A is defined as being TR plus allowances.
TR+A = TR
+ Additional duties/responsibilities allowances
+ Qualifications and/or skills based allowances
+ Market related allowances, specific job
+ Market related allowances, specific individual
+ Superannuation allowances
+ Income maintenance allowance
+ Hours of duty allowances
+ Expense allowances
+ Geographic/locality allowances
+ Disability allowances
+ Health and lifestyle allowances
+ Individual performance related allowances
+ Annual leave loading
How to read a box plot:
The size of the squares in relation to each other, reveals how evenly distributed the data values are. For example, looking at the 2015 box plot, the lower two squares (P5 to Median) are shorter than the two above (Median to P95). This indicates that there is a smaller range in values for the bottom 45% compared to the top 45%. The 2016 box plot illustrates that the data values appear to be more evenly distributed as all four squares appear to be of similar length.
Appendix 3: Agencies and entities included in this report
- Aboriginal Hostels Limited
- Administrative Appeals Tribunal
- Agriculture and Water Resources
- Asbestos Safety and Eradication Agency
- Australian Aged Care Quality Agency
- Australian Antarctic Division
- Australian Building and Construction Commission
- Australian Bureau of Statistics
- Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research
- Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity
- Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care
- Australian Communications and Media Authority
- Australian Competition Consumer Comm.
- Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission
- Australian Digital Health Agency
- Australian Electoral Commission
- Australian Financial Security Authority
- Australian Fisheries Management Authority
- Australian Government Solicitor
- Australian Human Rights Commission
- Australian Inst. of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders Studies
- Australian Institute of Family Studies
- Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
- Australian Law Reform Commission
- Australian National Audit Office
- Australian National Maritime Museum
- Australian Office of Financial Management
- Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
- Australian Public Service Commission
- Australian Radiation Protection & Nuclear Safety Agency
- Australian Research Council
- Australian Securities and Investments Commission
- Australian Skills Quality Authority
- Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority
- Australian Taxation Office
- Australian Trade Commission
- Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre
- Australian Transport Safety Bureau
- Australian War Memorial
- Bureau of Meteorology
- Cancer Australia
- Clean Energy Regulator
- Climate Change Authority
- Commonwealth Grants Commission
- Commonwealth Ombudsman
- Communications and the Arts
- Defence Housing Australia
- Digital Transformation Office
- Director of Public Prosecutions
- Education and Training
- Fair Work Commission
- Family Court and Federal Circuit Court
- Federal Court Statutory Agency
- Food Standards Australia New Zealand
- Foreign Affairs and Trade
- Future Fund Management Agency
- Geoscience Australia
- Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
- Human Services
- Immigration and Border Protection
- Industry, Innovation and Science
- Infrastructure and Regional Development
- IP Australia
- Murray-Darling Basin Authority
- National Archives of Australia
- National Blood Authority
- National Capital Authority
- National Disability Insurance Agency
- National Film and Sound Archive
- National Health and Medical Research Council
- National Health Funding Body
- National Library of Australia
- National Mental Health Commission
- National Museum of Australia
- National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority
- National Portrait Gallery
- National Science and Technology Centre (Questacon)
- Office of Gene Tech Regulator & NICNAS
- Office of Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security
- Office of National Assessments
- Office of Parliamentary Counsel
- Office of the Australian Information Commissioner
- Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman
- Office of the Inspector-General of Taxation
- Old Parliament House
- Organ and Tissue Authority
- Prime Minister and Cabinet
- Productivity Commission
- Professional Services Review
- Royal Australian Mint
- Safe Work Australia
- Screen Australia
- Social Services
- Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency
- Therapeutic Goods Administration
- Torres Strait Regional Authority
- Veterans' Affairs
- Workplace Gender Equality Agency