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Chapter 9: Employment instruments and Individual Flexibility Arrangements

Employees within the APS generally have their employment terms and conditions set by one of the following primary employment instruments:

  • Enterprise Agreements (EA)
  • Public Service Act Determinations (s24 (1) and (3)) (PSAD)
  • Common Law Agreements (CLA)
  • Australian Workplace Agreements (AWA)

The majority of non-SES employees are employed under an EA. Less than 1% are covered by PSADs, CLAs or AWAs (Table 9.1).

Table 9.1 Employees by employment instrument and classification, 2018
Primary Employment Instrument
Classification

AWA

CLA

EA

PSAD

Grad.

   

1,817

 

APS 1

   

512

 

APS 2

 

3

2,454

 

APS 3

 

7

13,644

33

APS 4

 

45

27,050

6

APS 5

 

33

19,542

15

APS 6

1

49

31,805

22

EL 1

2

74

24,704

50

EL 2

7

59

11,229

56

SES 1

10

235

22

1,685

SES 2

8

58

8

469

SES 3

 

9

 

110

ALL

28

572

132,787

2,446

A small percentage (2.7%) of employees have additional terms and conditions provided under a secondary agreement known as an Individual Flexibility Arrangement (IFA). Table 9.2 shows that the majority of employees using IFAs were at the EL 1 or EL 2 classification, with both forming just over 70% of all staff using IFAs.

Table 9.2 Number of employees with an IFA and distribution by classification
Classification Headcount Percentage
Grad. 2 0.1
APS 1 1  
APS 2 1  
APS 3 48 1.3
APS 4 123 3.4
APS 5 221 6.0
APS 6 654 17.8
EL 1 1,102 30.1
EL 2 1,488 40.6
SES 1 24 0.7
SES 2 2 0.1
SES 3 nil nil
ALL 3,666  

In 2018, agencies were asked to categorise the type of IFAs used to gain a clearer picture of the types of matters that IFAs covered. Figure 9.1 shows that three quarters of IFAs were used for pay and allowances. A further 19% covered leave, income maintenance, flexible working arrangements, superannuation, and subscriptions or memberships.

Last reviewed: 
18 July 2019