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This appendix summarises some overall trends in Australian Public Service (APS) employment for 2017–18, and over the past 10 years. The primary source of data is the Australian Public Service Employment Database (APSED). While this appendix briefly summarises APS workforce trends, the June 2018 APS employment data release84 provides detailed data.

From this year’s analysis of workforce trends, the typical APS employee is a 43-year-old woman with a bachelor’s degree. She is working in a service delivery role at the APS 6 level in the ACT and has worked for the APS for 11 years.

APS employment trends

As at 30 June 2018, there were 150,594 employees in the APS, comprising:

  • 136,175 ongoing employees, down by 0.8 per cent from 137,222 ongoing employees in June 2017
  • 14,419 non-ongoing employees, down by 2.9 per cent from 14,740 non-ongoing employees in June 2017.

During 2017–18:

  • 9,000 ongoing employees were engaged, down by 1.4 per cent from 9,131 ongoing engagements in 2017)
  • 10,042 ongoing employees separated from the APS, up by 2.9 per cent from 9,753 separations of ongoing employees in 2017).

Engagements and separations

Engagement trends have fluctuated over the last 10 years, ranging from 2,363 in 2014–15 to 13,105 in 2008–09. Tables A3.1 and A3.2 cover ongoing APS engagements by classification and by age group. Table A3.3 covers ongoing APS separations by classification.


Table A3.1: Ongoing APS engagements by classification, 2009–18
Classification Employees engaged (number), financial years ending June
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Trainee 153 196 278 299 283 251 130 581 546 565
Graduate 1266 1225 1494 1398 1237 1152 1037 1434 1477 955
APS 1 423 194 369 160 130 181 36 48 57 54
APS 2 679 429 707 458 272 281 151 486 461 224
APS 3 4006 2341 3048 2019 1297 533 246 2495 1643 2402
APS 4 1663 1322 1767 1768 1222 463 141 2015 1538 1510
APS 5 1294 1258 1546 1600 879 427 157 1316 1058 1074
APS 6 1836 1665 1876 1832 1147 673 241 1315 1301 1200
EL 1 1211 1153 1237 1215 777 468 139 782 683 670
EL 2 465 466 441 437 346 184 56 358 294 265
SES 1 70 46 47 51 44 24 17 156 48 49
SES 2 32 25 16 26 13 12 10 31 19 26
SES 3 7 3 4 9 1 1 2 9 6 6
Total 13105 10323 12830 11272 7648 4650 2363 11026 9131 9000

Source: APSED


Table A3.2: Ongoing APS engagements by age group, 2009–18
Age group (years) Employees engaged (number), financial year ending June
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Under 20 322 187 231 232 152 108 74 158 169 126
20–24 2862 2229 2780 2368 1689 1095 703 2018 1807 1753
25–29 2736 2398 2891 2481 1717 1034 631 2529 2100 1932
30–34 1871 1489 1874 1624 1148 674 314 1791 1355 1428
35–39 1567 1164 1378 1276 838 470 166 1293 996 1091
40–44 1267 945 1205 1134 732 380 163 1059 870 879
45–49 1096 794 1069 896 552 339 130 892 715 740
50–54 710 566 751 660 419 254 102 684 593 536
55–59 499 418 458 411 278 188 55 423 382 342
60and over 175 133 193 190 123 108 25 179 144 173
Total 13105 10323 12830 11272 7648 4650 2363 11026 9131 9000

Source: APSED

In 2017–18, there were 10,042 ongoing separations (Table A3.3). The number of separations increased slightly from 9,753 in 2016–17. Unlike engagements, separations have remained relatively steady over time.


Table A3.3: Ongoing APS separations by classification, 2009–18
Classification Separated employees (number), financial year ending June
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Trainee 44 26 36 52 40 44 38 59 61 74
Graduate 83 67 85 76 55 60 38 42 60 58
APS 1 203 137 143 135 123 100 85 59 61 69
APS 2 508 366 375 363 315 328 331 279 241 288
APS 3 1977 1837 1575 1452 1235 1273 1139 991 1190 1162
APS 4 1899 1805 2074 1768 1627 1800 1748 1554 1690 1846
APS 5 1483 1259 1466 1436 1354 1422 1391 1285 1436 1448
APS 6 2083 1818 2167 2162 2052 2272 2302 1911 2119 2265
EL 1 1450 1467 1588 1842 1736 2375 2191 2275 1755 1689
EL 2 726 821 843 951 931 1363 1147 1082 882 900
SES 1 124 129 120 130 142 188 170 177 174 161
SES 2 40 33 44 57 47 78 72 71 64 64
SES 3 17 11 14 15 15 13 13 14 20 18
Total 10637 9776 10530 10439 9672 11316 10665 9799 9753 10042

Source: APSED

Classification structures

At 30 June 2018, almost one-quarter of all APS employees were engaged at the APS 6 level. This continues a trend that began in 2011 after a lengthy period of the APS 4 level being the most common (Table A3.4).


Table A3.4: All APS employees by base classification, 2009–18
  All APS employees (number) at 30 June
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Trainee                    
Graduate 1322 1294 1595 1528 1413 1318 1196 1570 1665 1198
APS 1 2408 2943 2691 4009 5260 4943 4349 3898 2909 2889
APS 2 7013 6497 6282 5994 5225 5072 4672 5004 4609 4796
APS 3 24845 24115 22477 20907 20466 19201 19398 20767 18460 17610
APS 4 32764 32743 32213 32010 31857 30707 30638 30578 29491 29458
APS 5 21049 21569 22179 22545 22241 21239 20670 20932 21233 20849
APS 6 30956 31955 33150 33904 33678 32406 31246 32670 33124 32981
EL 1 25653 26847 28445 29540 29310 27569 25853 25484 25543 25672
EL 2 12310 12858 13366 13701 13550 12541 11521 11486 11670 11761
SES 1 1968 1986 2032 2095 2054 1918 1821 1963 1977 2017
SES 2 563 574 584 590 596 550 530 542 560 557
SES 3 127 137 144 140 132 121 116 125 119 124
Total 161270 163785 165469 167330 166138 157931 152231 155597 151962 150594

Source: APSED

Age profile

The average age of APS employees has increased steadily in the last decade. This mirrors the trend seen across the general Australian population and its workforce.

The proportion of the APS population aged 50 years of age or over has continued to increase, while the proportion of employees under the age of 30 has declined (Table 6).


Table A3.5: All APS employees by age group, 2009–18
Age group (years) All APS employees (number) at 30 June
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Under 20 758 718 635 659 727 470 458 579 408 453
20–24 8785 8618 8207 7729 7039 5641 5238 5885 5506 5550
25–29 18840 19245 19320 18888 18049 15833 14390 14317 13647 12980
30–34 20668 20754 21408 21892 21983 21032 20146 20261 19184 18474
35–39 22741 22914 22336 22223 21898 21142 20588 21304 21256 21146
40–44 22024 22090 22558 23090 23137 22438 22086 21979 21282 20870
45–49 24444 24319 23973 23459 22839 21836 21059 21707 21791 21922
50–54 22220 22679 23241 23856 24033 23184 22353 22173 21262 20656
55–59 13423 14125 14758 15 328 15 663 15 578 15 406 16164 16360 16740
60and over 7367 8323 9033 10206 10770 10777 10507 11228 11266 11803
Total 161270 163785 165469 167330 166138 157931 152231 155597 151962 150594

Source: APSED

Gender

The gender profile of the APS has been skewed towards females since 1999 when they became the majority of employees. However, in the last 10 years the proportion of female employees has grown from 57.9 per cent to 59.1 per cent (Table A3.6).


Table A3.6: Gender representation in the APS, as at 30 June, 2009–18
  2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Men 67905 69079 70030 70798 69867 66223 63232 63711 62307 61629
Women 93354 94693 95426 96518 96253 91688 88978 91863 89633 88914
Gender X - - - - - - - 23 22 51

Source: APSED

Gender profile by classification

There remains a lower proportion of women at Executive Level (EL) 2 and Senior Executive Services (SES) levels compared to men. However, the numbers at both levels continue to rise (Table A3.7).


Table A3.7: Gender representation by classification, 2009–18
Classification   Employees (number) at 30 June
Gender 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Trainee Men 156 126 139 187 146 153 113 273 308 366
Women 136 141 172 180 210 193 108 305 294 313
Graduate Men 601 616 794 778 657 678 629 791 817 595
Women 721 678 801 750 754 640 567 778 848 602
APS 1 Men 774 970 989 1332 1833 1728 1453 1220 967 974
Women 1634 1973 1702 2677 3427 3215 2896 2678 1942 1915
APS 2 Men 2402 2187 2128 2226 1948 1931 1802 1977 1842 1909
Women 4610 4309 4153 3766 3275 3140 2869 3027 2767 2881
APS 3 Men 8465 8347 7834 7079 6909 6442 6505 7003 6260 6036
Women 16379 15767 14642 13827 13555 12755 12889 13760 12195 11561
APS 4 Men 10003 9995 9717 9782 9922 9555 9578 9391 9060 9173
Women 22757 22743 22491 22223 21930 21145 21052 21180 20423 20268
APS 5 Men 8858 8987 9195 9254 9060 8605 8321 8343 8385 8174
Women 12191 12581 12983 13290 13180 12633 12348 12587 12848 12673
APS 6 Men 14017 14448 14886 15261 15043 14463 13827 14270 14246 14094
Women 16936 17504 18261 18640 18632 17940 17416 18396 18874 18883
EL 1 Men 13322 13833 14597 15023 14735 13857 12905 12519 12474 12438
Women 12329 13012 13846 14515 14572 13708 12944 12961 13065 13229
EL 2 Men 7618 7857 8032 8154 7929 7258 6636 6418 6437 6380
Women 4692 5001 5334 5547 5621 5283 4885 5067 5232 5381
SES 1 Men 1221 1231 1238 1252 1212 1118 1053 1088 1099 1075
Women 747 755 794 843 842 800 768 875 878 942
SES 2 Men 371 379 378 370 380 351 336 338 343 343
Women 192 195 206 220 216 199 194 204 217 214
SES 3 Men 97 103 103 100 93 84 74 80 69 72
Women 30 34 41 40 39 37 42 45 50 52

Source: APSED Note: Data for employees identifying as gender X was collected, however proportions are too small to be presented.

Last reviewed: 
30 November 2018