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Science roles conduct work related to natural and physical science.

Job function Job role Job role code Description
*ANZSCO description
Earth Sciences Geochemistry 300201 Geochemists use expert knowledge of geology and chemistry to assist the exploration of natural resources, such as oil, natural gas and minerals. These scientists can also use their expertise to reduce pollutants and increase water quality.
Geochronology 300202 Geochronologists date rock formations and geological events.
Geodesy 300203 Geodesy professionals perform functions associated with measurement and representation of the earth.
Geology 300204 Geologists perform functions associated with the study of the composition, structure and other physical attributes of the earth to increase scientific knowledge and to develop practical applications in fields such as mineral exploitation, civil engineering, environmental protection and rehabilitation of land after mining.*
Geophysics 300205 Geophysicists perform functions associated with the study of the composition, structure and other physical attributes of the earth, locates minerals, petroleum or ground water, and detect, monitor and forecast seismic, magnetic, electrical, geothermal and oceanographic activity.*
Hazard Modelling 300206 Hazard modelling professionals detect natural hazards, monitor and model them, undertake vulnerability and risk assessments, and design and implement mitigation and adaptation strategies, including economic, societal, and educational aspects.
Hydrogeology 300207 Hydrogeologists monitor and analyse the movement, distribution and quality of water below the earth's surface. 
Hydrology 300208 Hydrologists perform functions associated with the study of water including managing and conserving water resources.
Marine Geology 300209 Marine geologists perform functions associated with the history and structure of the ocean floor. This includes geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological and paleontological investigations of the ocean floor and coastal zone.
Spatial Analyst 300210 Spatial analysts carry out the collection and analysis of geographical data generated by geographical information systems (GIS).
Life Sciences Agriculture/Forestry Science 300301 Agricultural and Forestry Scientists advise farmers, rural industries and government on aspects of farming, develop techniques for increasing productivity and study and develop plans and policies for the management of forest areas.*
Biologist 300315 Biologists perform functions associated with the study of living organisms including plants and animals.
Botanist 300302 Botanists perform functions associated with he study of the physiology, structure, genetics, ecology, distribution, classification, and economic importance of plants
Entomologist 300303 Entomologists perform functions associated with the study of insect species.
Environmental Science 300304 Environmental Scientists study, develop, implement and advise on policies and plans for managing and protecting the environment, flora, fauna and other natural resources.*
Epidemiologist 300305 Epidemiologists study and analyse patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
Immunologist 300306 Immunologists perform functions associated with the study of immune systems in organisms.
Manager Coastal Ecosystems 300307 Managers of coastal ecosystems apply scientific research to guide and monitor the effectiveness of environmental/marine management policy.
Medical Laboratory Science 300308 Medical laboratory scientists conduct medical laboratory tests to assist in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease.*
Microbiologist 300309 Microbiologists perform functions associated with the study of microscopic forms of life such as bacteria, viruses and protozoa.*
Natural and Cultural Heritage 300314 Natural and cultural heritage professionals assess the physical condition of heritage places and/or objects to give an indication of the integrity of their value. They advise on the need for conservation-based responses to the pressures impacting the heritage values of these places and/or objects.
Plant Pathologist 300310 Plant pathologists examine and test plants, plant materials and seeds for signs of disease.
Ranger 300311 Rangers assist in controlling a state or national park, scenic area, historic site, nature reserve, recreation area or conservation reserve in accordance with authorised policies and priorities.*
Toxicologist 300312 Toxicologists use analytical and scientific techniques to identify toxins such as chemicals, biological substances and radiation, and to assess the potential risks and harmful effects posed by them.
Veterinarian 300313 Veterinarians diagnose, treat and prevent animal diseases, ailments and injuries.*
Ecologist 300316 Ecology professionals focus on the study of the relationships of organisms to each other and their physical surroundings. Develop, implement and advise on policies relating to the biology field.
Management Science Management 300701 Science managers organise scientific research, advise scientists on matters such as funding applications and budgeting, and coordinate different aspects of research projects.
Physical Sciences Chemist 300105 Chemists perform functions associated with the study the chemical and physical properties of substances, and develop and monitor chemical processes and production.*
Conservator 300102 Conservators plan and organise the conservation of materials and objects in libraries, archives, museums, art galleries and other institutions.*
Earth Observation and Satellites 300103 Earth observation and satellite professionals undertake scientific activities based on observations of the natural world on a global scale, including through the use of satellite technology.
Food/Wine Science 300101 Food and wine scientists examine food and wine products physically and chemically for suitability and safety. This includes developing new and existing food and beverage products.
Physicist 300104 Physicists perform functions associated with the study of matter, space, time, energy, forces and fields and the interrelationship between these physical phenomena.*
Radiochemist 300106 Radiochemists and associated professionals study the properties of natural and occurring and artificial Radioactive Elements to determine and validate their application in a variety of chemical and scientific processes.
Research/Laboratory Assistant Aquarist 300502 Aquarists are responsible for the well-being of fish, mammals, and other plants and animals that live within aquariums.
Science Technician 300501 Scientific laboratory technicians carry out work that assists in the advancement and development of modern medicine and science including sampling, testing, measuring, recording and analysing of results.
Scientific Research Metrology 300401 Metrologists develop and test calibration systems, methods and techniques.
Modelling 300402 Scientific modellers make parts or features of the world easier to understand, define, quantify, visualise, or simulate by referencing it to existing and usually commonly accepted knowledge.
Research Scientist 300403 Research scientists design, undertake and analyse information from controlled laboratory-based or field based investigations, experiments and trials.
Social Scientist 300404 Social scientists study and research the link between society and human behaviour.
Weather and Climate Climate Information 300601 Climate information professionals research and analyse weather and climate systems and make climate-related recommendations for actions such as legislation, awareness campaigns, or fundraising approaches.
Flood Forecasting 300602 Flood forecasters provide information on flood forecasts and warning services.
Observations 300603 Weather observation professionals observe and record weather conditions for use in forecasting.
Oceanography 300604 Oceanographers use science and mathematics to study and explain the complex interactions between seawater, fresh water, polar ice caps, the atmosphere and the biosphere.
Space Weather 300606 Space weather professionals investigate atmospheric phenomena including conditions in the magnetosphere, ionosphere and thermosphere.
Water Information 300607 Water information professionals test water samples for pollutants and with other environmental stressors make a decision on water quality.
Weather Forecasting 300608 Weather forecasters study the earth’s atmosphere in order to predict weather patterns.
Weather and Climate Research 300605 Weather and Climate Research professionals conduct research into climatology, marine meteorology and the use of weather satellite and radar data. 
Glaciologist 300609 Glaciology professionals study the physical properties and behaviour of glaciers and ice sheets, and their interaction with solid earth, oceanic and atmospheric processes. Includes the study of paleo-environmental and climate records from ice strata and geomorphological indicators to understand past climate and to project future behaviour.
Last reviewed: 
20 March 2019