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Chapter 8: Remuneration by gender

This section outlines key remuneration findings by gender. It uses two measures to examine remuneration:

  • The first looks at remuneration by gender within each classification level to assess differences in remuneration for comparable work value.
  • The second measure examines the gender pay gap for the APS overall.

Remuneration by gender and classification 

The remuneration of males and females within each classification level is a measure which can be used to explore gender differences in remuneration for comparable work value based on the APS classification guide and work level standards.
The differences between male and female median Base Salaries were minor at most classifications. Most were within a range of +/- 1% (Figure 8.1).

APS gender pay gap

The APS gender pay gap looks at gender remuneration results for the whole of the APS. The gender pay gap is the difference between male and female employees’ average weekly full-time equivalent earnings, expressed as a percentage of male earnings.

The APS calculation is based on the methodology used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Workplace Gender Equality Agency. Using this methodology allows for the APS gender pay gap to be compared to other benchmarks such as the economy as a whole and the public sector.

In 2018, the average Base Salary for males in the APS was $96,391 while the average Base Salary for females was $88,896. This represents a 7.8% gender pay gap for the APS and continues the improvement shown since 2014 (Figure 8.2).

The gender pay gap across the APS may be primarily due to differences in the representation of males and females within each classification level. More specifically, this involves an underrepresentation of females at higher classification levels (EL 2 and above) and an overrepresentation of females at lower classification levels (APS 2–6).

The representation of male and female employees at the highest classification levels is moving towards parity and this is reflected in a reduced gender pay gap across the APS.

Female

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

avg. Base Salary

$83,312

$83,386

$84,104

$86,529

$88,896

headcount

79,543

80,398

81,318

81,358

79,860

Male

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

avg. Base Salary

$91,713

$91,744

$92,036

$94,428

$96,391

headcount

59,853

58,663

58,561

57,949

55,928

Last reviewed: 
26 July 2019