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A.1 Methodology

All APS agencies were required to report data for all employees that were employed under s22 and s72 of the Public Service Act 1999 (PS Act) as at the 31 December 2014. The data on trainees and cadets are excluded from the findings in this report. Unless noted in the tables, ongoing and non-ongoing employees are grouped together.

This report covers most staff employed under s22(a), s22(b) and s72 of the Public Service Act 1999 (PS Act) as at 31 December 2014. Employees on leave without pay (LWOP) are excluded. This report excludes Casuals under s22(2)(c) and Locally Engaged Employees under s74 of the PS Act. Agency Heads, and public office holders are also excluded as their remuneration is set by the Remuneration Tribunal.

The data received from agencies was checked by APSED staff in the Australian Public Service Commission (APSC) to ensure accuracy. Any discrepancies identified were returned to agencies for correction and resubmission. At the conclusion of the data cleaning process, a summary of the agency's data was sent to an SES level employee or Director of HR, who was required to certify that their agency's summary data was accurate. Only then was the dataset finalised.

Data in this report should not be used to calculate past or present populations of the APS. For accurate population data as at December 2014, please refer to the snAPShots data available on the APSC website. For June data, refer to the APS Statistical Bulletin, also produced by the APSC.

The data for part-time employees has been changed to full-time equivalent (FTE) and, for many variables, employees who have worked only part of the year (though active as at 31 December), have had their data annualised. This ensures that each employee's data has equal weighting.

Employees who started a graduate program in 2014 are shown as a 'Graduate', even if they had advanced to an operational classification by 31 December. For the latter employees, remuneration is at their last day as a Graduate.

Some columns in the tables may not add up because Total Remuneration Package (TRP) and Total Reward (TR) are calculated separately for each individual employee and it is these values that determine the median. Therefore, the median TR figure will not necessarily be the sum of all median values of the components which make up TR. It will be the median value of TR for all employees.

Data values published in the 2013 APS Remuneration Report have had a small revision and the revised values have been incorporated into this Report. As a result, a very small number of values for data as at December 2013 will not match across the published 2013 and the 2014 Reports.

A.2 Definitions


n is the number of employees.


The average is calculated by summing all values and dividing by the total number of values.
This is also known as arithmetical average and mean.

The following statistical terms are determined by ordering the data values in ascending order:


The median value is the midpoint of all values. It is the point for which 50% of values are below and 50% of values are above.


The first quartile (Q1) is the point for which 25% of values are below and 75% of values are above.


The third quartile (Q3) is the point for which 75% of values are below and 25% of values are above.


The 5th percentile (P5) is determined by dividing the distribution of values into 100 equal parts and then identifying the point where 5% of the values are below and
95% of values are above.


The 95th percentile (P95) is determined by dividing the distribution of values into 100 equal parts and then identifying the point where 95% of the values are below and 5% of values are above.

Example: values ranging from 1 to 20 inclusive


The tables in this report were prepared using SAS. There are many methods used to determine the median, quartiles and percentiles. Where a data point falls between two values, the method used in this report takes the mean of those two values.

Base Salary

Base Salary describes the full-time equivalent annualised salary paid to an employee. It includes salary sacrifice amounts (including pre-tax employee superannuation contributions made by salary sacrifice) and excludes bonuses and other benefits.

Total Remuneration Package (TRP)

TRP is defined as being Base Salary plus the value of any benefits including superannuation and motor vehicles.

TRP = Base Salary

+ Agency superannuation contribution

+ Motor vehicle cost/EVS

+ Cash in lieu of motor vehicle

+ Motor vehicle parking

+ Other benefits

+ Other supplementary payments not otherwise described

Total Reward (TR)

TR is defined as being TRP plus bonuses.


+ Actual performance bonus paid in previous 12 months

+ Actual retention bonus payments paid in previous 12 months

+ Productivity bonus

+ Sign on bonuses

+ Group or whole of agency performance bonus and allowances

Total Rewards plus Allowances (TR+A)

TR+A is defined as being TR plus allowances.


+ Additional duties/responsibilities allowances

+ Qualifications and/or skills based allowances

+ Market related allowances, specific job

+ Market related allowances, specific individual

+ Superannuation allowances

+ Income maintenance allowance

+ Hours of duty allowances

+ Expense allowances

+ Geographic/locality allowances

+ Disability allowances

+ Health and lifestyle allowances

+ Individual performance related allowances

+ Annual leave loading

How to read a box plot:


The size of the squares in relation to each other, reveals how evenly distributed the data values are. For example, looking at the Agency bar in the plot above, the lower two squares (P5 to Median) are shorter than the two above (Median to P95). This indicates that there is a smaller range in values for the bottom 45% compared to the top 45%. The APS bar illustrates that the APS data values appear to be more evenly distributed as all four squares appear to be of similar length.

A.3 APS agencies and entities included in this report

  • Aboriginal Hostels Limited
  • Administrative Appeals Tribunal
  • Agriculture
  • Asbestos Safety and Eradication Agency
  • Attorney General's Department
  • Australian Aged Care Quality Agency
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics
  • Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research
  • Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity
  • Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care
  • Australian Communications and Media Authority
  • Australian Competition and Consumer Commission
  • Australian Crime Commission
  • Australian Customs & Border Protection Service
  • Australian Electoral Commission
  • Australian Financial Security Authority
  • Australian Fisheries Management Authority
  • Australian Human Rights Commission
  • Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
  • Australian Institute of Criminology
  • Australian Institute of Family Studies
  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
  • Australian Law Reform Commission
  • Australian National Audit Office
  • Australian National Maritime Museum
  • Australian Office of Financial Management
  • Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
  • Australian Public Service Commission
  • Australian Radiation Protection & Nuclear Safety Agency
  • Australian Research Council
  • Australian Securities and Investments Commission
  • Australian Skills Quality Authority
  • Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority
  • Australian Taxation Office
  • Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre
  • Australian Transport Safety Bureau
  • Australian War Memorial
  • Bureau of Meteorology
  • Cancer Australia
  • Clean Energy Regulator
  • Climate Change Authority
  • Comcare
  • Commonwealth Grants Commission
  • Commonwealth Superannuation Administration (ComSuper)
  • Communications
  • CrimTrac Agency
  • Defence
  • Defence Housing Australia
  • Education
  • Employment
  • Environment
  • Fair Work Building and Construction
  • Fair Work Commission
  • Family Court and Federal Circuit Court
  • Federal Court of Australia
  • Finance
  • Food Standards Australia New Zealand
  • Foreign Affairs and Trade
  • Future Fund Management Agency
  • Geoscience Australia
  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
  • Health
  • Human Services
  • Immigration and Border Protection
  • Independent Hospital Pricing Authority
  • Industry and Science
  • Infrastructure and Regional Development
  • IP Australia
  • Migration Review Tribunal and Refugee Review Tribunal
  • Murray-Darling Basin Authority
  • National Archives of Australia
  • National Blood Authority
  • National Capital Authority
  • National Disability Insurance Agency
  • National Film and Sound Archive
  • National Health and Medical Research Council
  • National Health Funding Body
  • National Health Performance Authority
  • National Library of Australia
  • National Mental Health Commission
  • National Museum of Australia
  • Nat. Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority
  • National Portrait Gallery
  • Office of National Assessments
  • Office of Parliamentary Counsel
  • Office of the Australian Information Commissioner
  • Office of the Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions
  • Office of the Commonwealth Ombudsman
  • Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman
  • Office of the Inspector General of Intelligence and Security
  • Office of the Inspector-General of Taxation
  • Old Parliament House
  • Organ and Tissue Authority
  • Prime Minister and Cabinet
  • Private Health Insurance Ombudsman
  • Productivity Commission
  • Professional Services Review
  • Royal Australian Mint
  • Safe Work Australia
  • Screen Australia
  • Social Services
  • Social Security
    Appeals Tribunal
  • Telecommunications Universal Service Management Agency
  • Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency
  • Torres Strait Regional Authority
  • Treasury
  • Veterans' Affairs
  • Workplace Gender Equality Agency

Note: This list reflects the names of APS agencies and entities having employees under the PS Act as at 31 December 2014. Some agencies may have changed name or have been affected by Machinery of Government changes since then.

Last reviewed: 
29 March 2018