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Appendixes

Methodology

All APS agencies were required to report data for all employees that were employed under s22 and s72 of the Public Service Act 1999 (PS Act) as at the 31 December 2013. Although it was collected, data on trainees and cadets are excluded from the findings in this report. Unless noted in the tables, ongoing and non–ongoing employees are grouped together.

This report covers most staff employed under s22(a), s22(b) and s72 of the PS Act as at 31 December 2013 —employees on leave without pay (LWOP) are excluded. This report excludes Casuals under s22(2)(c), Locally Engaged Employees under the PS Act s74, Agency Heads, and office holders whose remuneration is set by the Remuneration Tribunal.

To ensure that the data received was accurate, data from agencies was checked by APSED staff. Any discrepancies identified were returned to agencies for correction and resubmission. At the conclusion of the cleaning process, a summary of the agency’s data was sent to an SES level employee or Director of HR who certified that their agency’s summary data was accurate. Only then was the dataset finalised.

Data in this report should not be used to calculate past or present populations of the APS. For accurate population data as at December 2013, please refer to the snAPShots data available on the APSC website. For June data, refer to the APS Statistical Bulletin, also produced by the APS Commission.

Part-time employees’ data has been changed to full-time equivalent (FTE) and, for many variables, employees who have worked only part of the year (though active as at 31 December) have had their data annualised. This ensures that each employee’s data has equal weighting.

Employees who started a graduate program in 2013 are shown as a ‘Graduate’, even if they had advanced to an operational classification by 31 December. For the latter employees, remuneration is at their last day as a Graduate.

The columns of the tables may not add up because TRP and TR are calculated separately for each individual employee and it is these values that determine the median. Therefore, the median TR figure will not necessarily be the sum of all median values of the components which make up TR. It will be the median value of TR for all employees.

Data values published in the 2012 APS Remuneration Report have had a small revision and the revised values have been incorporated in this Report. Please note that a very small number of values for data as at December 2012 will not match across the 2012 and the 2013 Reports.

Definitions

n
n is the number of employees.
Average
The average is calculated by summing all values and dividing by the total number of values. This is also known as arithmetical average and mean.

The following statistical terms are determined by ordering the data values in ascending order:

Median
The median value is the midpoint of all values. It is the point for which 50% of values are below and 50% of values are above.
Q1
The first quartile (Q1) is the point for which 25% of values are below and 75% of values are above.
Q3
The third quartile (Q3) is the point for which 75% of values are below and 25% of values are above.
P5
The 5th percentile (P5) is determined by dividing the distribution of values into 100 equal parts and then identifying the point where 5% of the values are below and 95% of values are above.
P95
The 95th percentile (P95) is determined by dividing the distribution of values into 100 equal parts and then identifying the point where 95% of the values are below and 5% of values are above.

Example: values ranging from 1 to 20 inclusive

The tables in this report were prepared using SAS. There are many methods used to determine the median, quartiles and percentiles. Where a data point falls between two values, the method used in this report takes the mean of those two values.

Base Salary
Base Salary describes the full-time equivalent annualised salary paid to an employee. It includes salary sacrifice amounts (including pre–tax employee superannuation contributions made by salary sacrifice) and excludes bonuses and other benefits.
Total Remuneration Package (TRP)
TRP is defined as being Base Salary plus the value of any benefits including superannuation and motor vehicles.
Total Remuneration Package (TRP) calculation
TRP = Base Salary + (plus)
  Agency superannuation contribution
  Motor vehicle cost/EVS
  Cash in lieu of motor vehicle
  Motor vehicle parking
  Other benefits
  Other supplementary payments not otherwise described
Total Reward (TR)
TR is defined as being TRP plus bonuses.
Total Rewards (TR) calculation
TR = TRP + (plus)
  Actual performance bonus paid in previous 12 months
  Actual retention bonus payments paid in previous 12 months
  Productivity bonus
  Sign on bonuses
  Group or whole of agency performance bonus and allowances
Total Rewards plus Allowances (TR+A) calculation
TR + A = TR + (plus)
  Additional duties/responsibilities allowances
  Qualifications and/or skills based allowances
  Market related allowances, specific job
  Market related allowances, specific individual
  Superannuation allowances
  Income maintenance allowance
  Hours of duty allowances
  Expense allowances
  Geographic/locality allowances
  Disability allowances
  Health and lifestyle allowances
  Individual performance related allowances
  Annual leave loading

How to read a box plot:

The size of the squares in relation to each other also reveals how evenly distributed the data values are. For example, looking at the Agency bar in the plot above, the lower two squares (P5 to Median) are shorter than the two above (Median to P95). This indicates that there is a smaller range in values for the bottom 45% compared to the top 45%. The APS bar illustrates that the APS data values appear to be more evenly distributed as all four squares appear to be of similar length.

APS agencies

APS agencies
Aboriginal Hostels Limited
Australian Securities and Investments Commission
Administrative Appeals Tribunal
Australian Skills Quality Authority
Agriculture
Australian Sports Anti–Doping Authority
Attorney General's Department
Australian Taxation Office
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Trade Commission (Austrade)
Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research
Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre
Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity
Australian Transport Safety Bureau
Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care
Australian War Memorial
Australian Communications and Media Authority
Bureau of Meteorology
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission
Cancer Australia
Australian Crime Commission
Clean Energy Regulator
Australian Customs & Border Protection Service
Climate Change Authority
Australian Electoral Commission
Comcare
Australian Financial Security Authority
Commonwealth Grants Commission
Australian Fisheries Management Authority
Commonwealth Superannuation Administration (ComSuper)
Australian Human Rights Commission
Communications
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
Corporations and Markets Advisory Committee
Australian Institute of Criminology
CrimTrac Agency
Australian Institute of Family Studies
Defence
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
Defence Housing Australia
Australian Law Reform Commission
Education
Australian National Audit Office
Employment
Australian National Maritime Museum
Environment
Australian National Preventive Health Agency
Fair Work Building and Construction
Australian Office of Financial Management
Fair Work Commission
Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
Family Court and Federal Circuit Court
Australian Public Service Commission
Federal Court of Australia
Australian Radiation Protection & Nuclear Safety Agency
Finance
Australian Research Council
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
Foreign Affairs and Trade
National Portrait Gallery
Future Fund Management Agency
National Water Commission
Geoscience Australia
Office of National Assessments
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
Office of Parliamentary Counsel
Health
Office of the Australian Information Commissioner
Human Services
Office of the Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions
Immigration and Border Protection
Office of the Commonwealth Ombudsman
Independent Hospital Pricing Authority
Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman
Industry
Office of the Inspector General of Intelligence and Security
Infrastructure and Regional Development
Office of the Inspector–General of Taxation
IP Australia
Old Parliament House
Migration Review Tribunal and Refugee Review Tribunal
Organ and Tissue Authority
Murray–Darling Basin Authority
Prime Minister and Cabinet
National Archives of Australia
Private Health Insurance Ombudsman
National Blood Authority
Productivity Commission
National Capital Authority
Professional Services Review
National Competition Council
Royal Australian Mint
National Disability Insurance Agency
Safe Work Australia
National Film and Sound Archive
Screen Australia
National Health and Medical Research Council
Social Services
National Health Funding Body
Telecommunications Universal Service Management Agency
National Health Performance Authority
Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency
National Library of Australia
Torres Strait Regional Authority
National Mental Health Commission
Treasury
National Museum of Australia
Veterans' Affairs
Nat. Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority
Workplace Gender Equality Agency

Note: This list reflects the names of APS agencies having employees under the PS Act as at 31 December 2013. Some agencies may have changed name or have been affected by Machinery of Government changes since then.