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Many people were generous with their time and thoughts as I developed the ideas in the report. Some spoke to me. Others spent time with the Secretariat. I would like to thank them all.

Secretaries Advisory Group

  • Glenys Beauchamp PSM
  • Dr Gordon de Brouwer PSM
  • Hon. John Lloyd PSM
  • Lisa Paul AO PSM
  • Michael Pezzullo
  • Elizabeth Kelly for Michael Thawley AO

Peer reviewers

  • Professor Gary Banks AO
  • Yvonne Butler
  • David Fredericks
  • Dr Nicholas Gruen
  • Ian Hanger AM QC
  • Dr Allan Hawke AC
  • Dr Stein Helgeby
  • Andrew Metcalfe AO
  • Professor Richard Mulgan
  • Martin Stewart-Weeks


  • Australian Futures Project
  • AMP Limited
  • Apis Group
  • Attorney-General's Department
  • Australian Border Force
  • Australian Institute of Project Management
  • Australian National Audit Office
  • Australia New Zealand School of Government
  • Australian Public Service Commission
  • Australian Renewable Energy Agency
  • Australian Taxation Office
  • Civil Aviation Safety Authority
  • Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University
  • Deloitte Australia
  • Department of Employment
  • Department of the Environment
  • Department of Finance
  • Department of Human Services
  • Department of Health
  • Department of Immigration and Border Protection
  • Department of Industry and Science
  • Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
  • Department of the Treasury
  • Digital Transformation Office
  • Executive Intelligence Group
  • Ernst & Young Australia
  • Institute of Public Administration Australia
  • Lateral Economics Pty Ltd
  • Melbourne School of Government, The University of Melbourne
  • MetLife Insurance Limited
  • National Archives of Australia
  • National Disability Insurance Agency
  • newDemocracy Foundation
  • NSW Office of Environment and Heritage
  • NSW Department of Family and Community Services
  • NSW Public Service Commission
  • Office of Best Practice Regulation
  • Public Purpose Pty Ltd
  • Save the Children
  • Tanner James Management Consultants
  • The Australian Centre for Social Innovation
  • ThinkClear Group
  • Transfield Services Limited
  • Victorian Department of Treasury and Finance


Suhit Anantula, Robert Antich, Peter Arnaudo, Ralph Ashton, Drew Baker, Ross Barnes, Ruth Bayley, Barbara Belcher AM, Teena Blewitt, Martin Bowles PSM, Rina Bruinsma, David Bryant, Donna Burton, Yvonne Butler, Craig Calder, Lieutenant General Angus Campbell DSC AM, Professor Lyn Carson, Barbara Cass, Joe Castellino, Drew Clarke, Thea Daniel, Jose Del Rio, John Dickinson, Dr Michael Di Francesco, Jan Dorrington PSM, Andrew England, Karin Fisher, Ian Fitzgerald, Stephanie Foster PSM, Jamie Fox, Matthew Fraser, Catherine Friday, Ivor Frischknecht, Julie Fursman, Leah Gabolinscy, Rebecca Gordon, Vanessa Graham, Emma Greenwood, Terry Hanisch, Georgina Harrisson, Nick Hartland, Graeme head, John Howath, The Hon Greg Hunt MP, Tom Ioannou, Wayne Jackson AM, Kathy Jones, Jo Laduzko, Geoff Leeper, Renée Leon PSM, Owen Livermore, Liz Locksley, Tracie-Anne Maher, Neil Mann, Brendan MacDowell, Blair McAuliffe, Jason McNamara, Ian McPhee AO PSM, Kerry Moir, Joe Monforte, Chris Moraitis PSM, Nicola Morris, Kate Munnings, Annette Murphy, David Parker AM, Anthony Parsons, Ed Purrer, Liz
Quinn, Joe Raiti, Alex Roberts, Mick Roche AM, Paul Ronalds, Eamonn Rooney, Peter Rush, Tricia Searson, David Schmitdchen, Brant Smith, Pip Spence, Professor Gary Sturgess AM, Lembit Suur, Bruce Taloni, Mike Thornton, Professor Anne Tiernan, professor Michael Vitale, Iain Walker, Sue Weston, Peter Wilkinson, Neil
Williams, Simon Writer, and many others who assisted the above.


Kelly Fisher (Head) Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
Will Atkinson Department of the Environment
Jade Carson Department of Education and Training
Mark Eslake Australian Renewable Energy Agency
Anthony McGregor Department of the Environment
Cindy Reese Mitchell Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
Adele Moncur Australian Public Service Commission
Michael Payne Department of Immigration and Border Protection
Alison Reeve Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
Kate Sullivan Department of the Environment
Graphic Design by Jayne Abel Australian Public Service Commission


Professor Peter Shergold AC was a senior public servant in the APS for 20 years. He established the Office of Multicultural Affairs in 1987 and headed the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island Commission (ATSIC) from 1991. He was appointed Public Service Commissioner from 1995-98. He served as Secretary of the Department of Employment, Workplace Relations and Small Business from 1998-2002 and then as the Secretary of the Department of
Employment, Workplace Relations. In February 2003 he became Secretary of the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet for five years.

Today Peter has a portfolio career. He was installed as Chancellor of the University of Western Sydney in January 2011. He chairs Opal Aged Care and QuintessenceLabs. He is a non-executive director on the boards of AMP Ltd (where he chairs the Risk Committee), AMP Life, Veda Group and Corrs Chambers Westgarth.

Peter remains active in the public sector. He is chair of the NSW Public Service Commission Advisory Board and chaired the Partnership Forum in Western Australia. He headed the Ministerial Expert Group on Gambling under Prime Minister Rudd and, in 2013, completed a report on community service sector reform for the Victorian Government. He chairs the National Centre for
Vocational Education Research and the Commonwealth's Higher Education Standards panel and is a member of the Prime Minister's Indigenous Advisory Council. He chaired the Aged Care Sector Committee and continues to lead the NSW Social Investment Expert Advisory Group.

Peter is a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences (FASSA), the Australia and New Zealand School of Government (ANZSOG), the Institute of Public Administration Australia (IPAA), the Australian Institute of Company Directors (AICD) and the Australian Institute of Management (AIM). He is a Senior Research Fellow at Singapore Civil Service College.

Last reviewed: 
29 March 2018