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Appendix 3: APS workforce trends

This appendix summarises some overall trends in APS employment for 2018–19, and over the past 10 years. The primary source of data is the APSED.

While this appendix briefly summarises APS workforce trends, the June 2019 APS employment data release109  provides detailed data. Each published report provides current data and data from the previous years. The historical data is often adjusted at this time to pick up information that affects previously reported data. For this reason, the current publication is always the most accurate data source for APS employment data, including for historical data.

APS employment trends

As at 30 June 2019, there were 147,237 employees in the APS, comprising:

  • 132,192 ongoing employees, down by 2.9 per cent from 136,158 ongoing employees in June 2018
  • 15,045 non-ongoing employees, up by 5.7 per cent from 14,237 non-ongoing employees in June 2018.

During 2018–19:

  • 8,564 ongoing employees were engaged, down by 4.9 per cent from 9,005 ongoing engagements in 2018
  • 12,100 ongoing employees separated from the APS, up by 17.4 per cent from 10,307 separations of ongoing employees in 2018.

Engagements and separations

Engagement numbers have fluctuated over the last 10 years, ranging from 2,366 in 2014–15 to 12,828 in 2010–11. Tables A3.1 and A3.2 cover ongoing APS engagements by classification and by age group. Table A3.3 covers ongoing APS separations by classification.

Table A3.1: Ongoing APS engagements by classification, 2009–10 to 2018–19

Classification

2019–10

2010–11

2011–12

2012–13

2013–14

2014–15

2015–16

2016–17

2017–18

2018–19

Trainee

196

278

299

283

251

130

584

557

628

415

Graduate

1 225

1 494

1 398

1 237

1 152

1 037

1 434

1 483

1 238

1 175

APS 1

194

369

160

130

181

36

47

57

44

60

APS 2

429

707

458

271

281

151

486

457

182

177

APS 3

2 341

3 048

2 019

1 297

533

247

2 494

1 630

2 091

796

APS 4

1 322

1 767

1 768

1 222

462

141

2 019

1 544

1 518

1 573

APS 5

1 258

1 545

1 600

879

427

157

1 315

1 059

1 080

1 522

APS 6

1 665

1 875

1 832

1 148

673

241

1 320

1 302

1 205

1 633

EL 1

1 153

1 237

1 215

777

467

140

783

683

669

800

EL 2

466

441

437

346

185

57

358

294

271

324

SES 1

46

47

51

44

24

17

157

48

47

59

SES 2

25

16

26

13

12

10

31

17

26

19

SES 3

3

4

9

1

1

2

9

6

6

11

Total

10 323

12 828

11 272

7 648

4 649

2 366

11 037

9 137

9 005

8 564

Source: APSED

Table A3.2: Ongoing APS engagements by age group, 2009–10 to 2018–19

Age group (years)

2009–10

2010–11

2011–12

2012–13

2013–14

2014–15

2015–16

2016–17

2017–18

2018–19

Under 20

187

231

232

152

108

74

158

169

126

150

20–24

2 229

2 781

2 368

1 689

1 095

702

2 019

1 809

1 749

1 475

25–29

2 398

2 889

2 481

1 716

1 034

632

2 529

2 100

1 935

1 832

30–34

1 489

1 873

1 624

1 148

674

317

1 796

1 356

1 429

1 289

35–39

1 164

1 378

1 276

838

470

166

1 294

1 000

1 097

1 041

40–44

946

1 205

1 134

732

380

163

1 061

871

878

862

45–49

793

1 069

896

553

339

130

892

716

741

779

50–54

566

751

660

419

254

102

684

592

536

565

55–59

418

458

411

278

187

55

424

380

340

375

60 and over

133

193

190

123

108

25

180

144

174

196

Total

10 323

12 828

11 272

7 648

4 649

2 366

11 037

9 137

9 005

8 564

Source: APSED

In 2018–19 there were 12,100 ongoing separations (Table A3.3). The number of separations increased from 9,756 at 30 June 2017. Unlike engagements, separations have remained relatively steady over time.

Table A3.3: Ongoing APS separations by classification, 2009–10 to 2018–19

Classification

2009–10

2010–11

2011–12

2012–13

2013–14

2014–15

2015–16

2016–17

2017–18

2018–19

Trainee

26

36

52

40

44

38

59

61

75

119

Graduate

67

85

76

55

60

38

42

60

59

92

APS 1

137

143

135

123

100

85

59

61

69

51

APS 2

366

375

363

315

328

331

279

241

306

246

APS 3

1 837

1 575

1 452

1 235

1 273

1 139

991

1 190

1 219

1 047

APS 4

1 805

2 074

1 768

1 627

1 800

1 748

1 554

1 689

1 887

2 219

APS 5

1 259

1 465

1 436

1 354

1 422

1 391

1 285

1 434

1 479

1 785

APS 6

1 818

2 167

2 161

2 052

2 272

2 302

1 911

2 123

2 318

2 885

EL 1

1 467

1 588

1 842

1 736

2 375

2 191

2 275

1 756

1 733

2 224

EL 2

821

843

951

931

1 363

1 147

1 082

882

920

1 172

SES 1

129

119

130

142

188

170

178

174

159

179

SES 2

33

44

57

47

78

72

71

65

65

66

SES 3

11

14

15

15

13

13

14

20

18

15

Total

9 776

10 528

10 438

9 672

11 316

10 665

9 800

9 756

10 307

12 100

Source: APSED

Classification structures

At 30 June 2019, almost one-quarter of all APS employees were engaged at the APS 6 level. This continues a trend that began in 2011 after a lengthy period of the APS 4 level being the most common (Table A3.4).

Table A3.4: Number of APS employees by base classification at 30 June 2010 to 2019

Classification

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Trainee

267

311

367

356

346

221

581

617

752

547

Grad

1 294

1 595

1 528

1 413

1 318

1 196

1 570

1 683

1 480

1 430

APS 1

2 944

2 692

4 010

5 262

4 945

4 351

3 899

2 907

2 795

3 203

APS 2

6 497

6 282

5 994

5 224

5 071

4 671

5 002

4 605

4 713

4 464

APS 3

24 115

22 477

20 909

20 468

19 204

19 401

20 767

18 426

17 223

15 433

APS 4

32 742

32 211

32 010

31 856

30 706

30 638

30 578

29 496

29 491

28 099

APS 5

21 571

22 181

22 547

22 243

21 241

20 671

20 932

21 231

20 845

20 584

APS 6

31 955

33 149

33 904

33 678

32 405

31 246

32 668

33 118

32 970

32 963

EL 1

26 846

28 443

29 539

29 308

27 568

25 852

25 485

25 546

25 661

26 009

EL 2

12 859

13 367

13 702

13 552

12 543

11 523

11 488

11 669

11 760

11 725

SES 1

1 986

2 033

2 096

2 055

1 919

1 822

1 964

1 977

2 023

2 051

SES 2

576

586

592

598

552

532

544

560

557

587

SES 3

137

144

140

132

121

116

125

119

125

142

Total

163 789

165 471

167 338

166 145

157 939

152 240

155 603

151 954

150 395

147 237

Source: APSED

Age profile

The average age of APS employees has increased steadily in the last decade. This mirrors the trend seen across the general Australian population and its workforce.

The proportion of the APS population aged 50 years of age or over has slightly increased, while the proportion of employees under the age of 30 has declined (Table A3.5).

Table A3.5: Number of APS employees by age group at 30 June 2010 to 2019

Age group (years)

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Under 20

718

635

659

726

470

457

578

407

456

433

20–24

8 618

8 208

7 730

7 041

5 642

5 239

5 885

5 507

5 530

5 332

25–29

19 245

19 318

18 888

18 050

15 834

14 392

14 318

13 648

12 947

12 619

30–34

20 754

21 408

21 893

21 983

21 029

20 148

20 265

19 181

18 440

17 241

35–39

22 914

22 336

22 223

21 899

21 145

20 588

21 303

21 255

21 126

20 708

40–44

22 091

22 558

23 090

23 136

22 438

22 086

21 979

21 283

20 857

20 791

45–49

24 318

23 972

23 459

22 839

21 837

21 061

21 708

21 789

21 908

21 731

50–54

22 682

23 245

23 860

24 036

23 184

22 352

22 172

21 261

20 640

20 014

55–59

14 125

14 758

15 329

15 664

15 582

15 410

16 168

16 362

16 723

16 479

60 and over

8 324

9 033

10 207

10 771

10 778

10 507

11 227

11 261

11 768

11 889

Total

163 789

165 471

167 338

166 145

157 939

152 240

155 603

151 954

150 395

147 237

Source: APSED

Gender

The gender profile of the APS has been skewed towards females since 1999, when they became the majority of employees. However, in the last 10 years the proportion of female employees has grown from 57.8 per cent to 59.6 per cent (Table A3.6).

Table A3.6: Gender representation in the APS at 30 June 2010 to 2019

Gender

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Men

69 079

70 029

70 797

69 865

66 221

63 231

63 709

62 297

61 560

59 337

Women

94 694

95 426

96 523

96 258

91 694

88 984

91 867

89 630

88 787

87 826

Gender X

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

27

48

74

Source: APSED

Gender profile by classification

There remains a lower proportion of women at EL 2 and SES levels compared to men. However, the numbers at both levels continue to rise (Table A3.7).

Table A3.7: Gender representation by classification at 30 June 2010 to 2019

Class.

Gender

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Trainee

Men

126

139

187

146

153

113

275

320

401

250

Women

141

172

180

210

193

108

306

297

348

296

Grad

Men

616

793

778

657

678

628

791

830

748

739

Women

678

802

750

754

640

568

779

852

731

688

APS 1

Men

970

989

1 332

1 833

1 728

1 453

1 220

967

944

1 003

Women

1 974

1 703

2 678

3 429

3 217

2 898

2 679

1 940

1 851

2 199

APS 2

Men

2 186

2 127

2 226

1 948

1 930

1 802

1 977

1 837

1 875

1 774

Women

4 309

4 153

3 767

3 275

3 141

2 869

3 025

2 768

2 836

2 686

APS 3

Men

8 347

7 834

7 079

6 908

6 442

6 506

7 002

6 239

5 832

5 300

Women

15 767

14 642

13 828

13 557

12 757

12 890

13 760

12 181

11 377

10 103

APS 4

Men

9 994

9 717

9 780

9 920

9 553

9 576

9 389

9 059

9 192

8 737

Women

22 742

22 489

22 223

21 930

21 145

21 053

21 181

20 429

20 283

19 348

APS 5

Men

8 988

9 195

9 254

9 060

8 605

8 321

8 342

8 382

8 169

7 905

Women

12 582

12 984

13 292

13 181

12 634

12 348

12 588

12 849

12 674

1 2671

APS 6

Men

14 447

14 884

15 259

15 041

14 461

13 825

14 268

14 243

14 089

13 714

Women

17 504

18 261

18 640

18 632

17 939

17 416

18 394

18 869

18 876

19 241

EL 1

Men

13 833

14 597

15 023

14 735

13 857

12 905

12 518

12 472

12 434

12 286

Women

13 011

13 844

14 514

14 570

13 707

12 943

12 962

13 069

13 222

13 718

EL 2

Men

7 858

8 033

8 155

7 930

7 259

6 637

6 419

6 437

6 381

6 136

Women

5 001

5 334

5 547

5 622

5 284

4 886

5 068

5 231

5 379

5 589

SES 1

Men

1 231

1 239

1 253

1 213

1 119

1 054

1 089

1 100

1 080

1 058

Women

755

794

843

842

800

768

875

877

943

993

SES 2

Men

380

379

371

381

352

337

339

342

342

355

Women

196

207

221

217

200

195

205

218

215

232

SES 3

Men

103

103

100

93

84

74

80

69

73

80

Women

34

41

40

39

37

42

45

50

52

62

Source: APSED

Note: Data for employees identifying as Gender X was collected, however numbers are too small to be reported.

109 Australian Public Service Commissioner. (2019). APS employment data release. Retrieved 10 October 2019 from https://www.apsc.gov.au/aps-employment-data-30-june-2019-release