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Additional information

The following section provides information on remuneration outcomes by employment instrument, by sex and by employment category.

Employment instrument

An APS employee may have their terms and conditions set by one of the following primary employment instruments:

  • Enterprise agreements (EA);
  • Australian Workplace Agreements (AWA);
  • Public Service Act Determinations (s24(1) and (3)) (PSAD); or
  • Common law arrangements (CLA).

A secondary employment instrument, an individual flexibility arrangement (IFA), may be used to vary the terms and conditions of an enterprise agreement subject to the employee being better off overall than they would have if no IFA was agreed to.

Employees in the non-SES classifications are usually employed under an EA with very small numbers at these levels using AWAs, PSADs and CLAs. There has continued to be a slow a reduction in the number of AWAs with only 190 remaining in the APS. There has been in increase in the number of PSADs and CLAs from 2012 to 2013 though the increase for CLAs was very small.

As at 31 December 2013, IFAs were in place for 3,295 APS employees, up from 3,184 in 2012. At the non-SES classifications IFAs were used most commonly at the EL 2 level with 1,806 or 13.8% of EL 2 employees. This has risen from 1,652 reported in 2012.

As shown in Table 5.1, the most commonly used primary employment instrument at the SES levels was a PSAD.

For non-SES classifications, PSADs tended to deliver a lower median Base Salary compared with other employment instruments (shown in Table 5.2). Note that at the non-SES classifications PSADs are used as a short–term interim instrument during periods of structural change, such as machinery of government changes. CLAs provided the highest median salary outcomes at the non-SES classifications, but CLAs are used rarely with EL 2 having the highest use of only 0.4%.

At the SES classifications, Table 5.2 shows there is no pattern as to which instrument provided the highest median value. At SES 1 it was AWAs, SES 2 AWAs, and at the SES 3 classification CLAs provided the highest median Base Salary. There was little difference between the median values provided by AWAs, PSADs and CLAs.

Note: to facilitate the machinery of government (MoG) changes in 2013 after the change of government, an overarching Public Service Act Determination (s24 (3)) was put in place. As this determination, in effect, retained the terms and conditions of the pre–MoG enterprise agreements, employees covered by the determination, have been identified as having an enterprise agreement as their primary employment instrument.

Table 5.1: Proportion of employees by employment instrument and classification
Classification Primary Secondary
EA AWA PSAD CLA IFA
n % n % n % n % n %
Source: 2013 APS Remuneration Report

Note: EA = Enterprise Agreement

AWA = Australian Workplace Agreement

PSAD = Public Service Act Determinations (PS Act s24(1) & s24(3))

CLA = Common Law Arrangement

IFA = Individual Flexibility Arrangement
Graduate 1339 99.5 . . 7 0.5 . . 3 0.2
APS 1 1163 99.9 . . 1 0.1 . . . 0.0
APS 2 3543 100.0 1 0.0 . . . . 6 0.2
APS 3 17519 99.8 . . 24 0.1 5 0.0 23 0.1
APS 4 29621 99.9 1 0.0 24 0.1 10 0.0 90 0.3
APS 5 21083 99.5 5 0.0 89 0.4 14 0.1 135 0.6
APS 6 32313 99.5 8 0.0 125 0.4 22 0.1 371 1.1
EL 1 27857 99.1 20 0.1 173 0.6 67 0.2 859 3.1
EL 2 12787 98.0 39 0.3 168 1.3 56 0.4 1806 13.8
SES 1 15 0.8 69 3.6 1547 79.8 308 15.9 1 0.1
SES 2 7 1.2 37 6.6 429 75.9 92 16.3 1 0.2
SES 3 . . 10 8.4 94 79.0 15 12.6 . 0.0
Total 147247 97.7 190 0.1 2681 1.8 589 0.4 3295 2.2
Table 5.2: Base Salary by primary employment instrument: Graduate to APS 5
  Employment instrument Base Salary
Employees P5 Q1 Median Q3 P95
n $ $ $ $ $
Source: 2013 APS Remuneration Report
Graduate EA 1339 53652 57450 60871 63236 65338
AWA 0 . . . . .
PSAD 7 62948 62948 62948 62948 62948
CLA 0 . . . . .
APS 1 EA 1163 36886 42334 45263 48533 49697
AWA 0 . . . . .
PSAD 1 42866 42866 42866 42866 42866
CLA 0 . . . . .
APS 2 EA 3543 49009 52291 54588 55096 56435
AWA 1 59311 59311 59311 59311 59311
PSAD 0 . . . . .
CLA 0 . . . . .
APS 3 EA 17519 55251 59318 61512 62492 62560
AWA 0 . . . . .
PSAD 24 56430 58776 58776 59264 62605
CLA 5 60988 60988 62379 62379 65256
APS 4 EA 29621 63058 66977 69038 69239 70144
AWA 1 79400 79400 79400 79400 79400
PSAD 24 63096 65648 67145 68943 68943
CLA 10 67892 67892 70602 79400 79400
APS 5 EA 21083 69185 72806 74331 75208 76407
AWA 5 71260 71386 72440 84329 92057
PSAD 89 67774 69218 72458 74451 83787
CLA 14 60229 71808 80550 82437 93578
Table 5.3: Base Salary by primary employment instrument: APS 6 to SES 3
  Employment instrument Base Salary
Employees P5 Q1 Median Q3 P95
n $ $ $ $ $
Source: 2013 APS Remuneration Report
APS 6 EA 32313 78070 84318 86844 88867 89400
AWA 8 64031 82785 83451 96515 107310
PSAD 125 76193 83488 85178 86923 89478
CLA 22 62615 84220 95585 98793 110727
EL 1 EA 27857 99769 105362 108013 108796 115572
AWA 20 102136 104968 111747 168057 211151
PSAD 173 95944 105269 108833 113475 122204
CLA 67 103957 187690 193299 199075 234612
EL 2 EA 12787 120325 129777 133777 136842 150468
AWA 39 123762 132053 138555 188665 399017
PSAD 168 117732 131477 134890 140677 148759
CLA 56 142314 167855 211979 252731 348624
SES 1 EA 15 159125 159125 159125 159125 170781
AWA 69 158208 174029 184576 204797 220540
PSAD 1547 154500 170616 177965 191220 207972
CLA 308 155035 172670 181214 197280 212074
SES 2 EA 7 193953 193953 193953 193953 228797
AWA 37 195123 211851 233300 251943 433834
PSAD 429 201853 222174 229949 241715 266239
CLA 91 195621 214162 230000 252670 267919
SES 3 EA 0 . . . . .
AWA 10 266855 279501 301399 352984 399040
PSAD 94 259081 287350 297744 325167 388467
CLA 15 284109 288249 310000 317331 553394

Remuneration data by sex

This section provides information on the key remuneration components based on sex by classification level. Reporting on this dimension commenced in 2008 and the 2013 Report continues this time series.

Table 5.4 provides data on women’s median base salary as a proportion of men’s Base Salary. In 2013, women’s Base Salary as a proportion of men’s Base Salary was 100% or over at five classifications and varied from 96.1% at the APS 1 classification to 100.4% at the APS 3 level.

There were no significant differences between the sexes across the three key remuneration components: Base Salary, TRP and Total Reward across all classification levels at the median values. Across the 5th to 95th percentiles, the only variation is some deviation towards women at the 5th percentile, and towards men at the 95th percentile at the SES 3 level.

Table 5.4: Median Base Salary and comparison by sex
Classification Median Base Salary
Men Women Women as % of Men
Source: Table 5.5
Graduate 61288 59773 97.5
APS 1 46790 44969 96.1
APS 2 54588 54588 100.0
APS 3 61275 61512 100.4
APS 4 69038 69239 100.3
APS 5 74331 74451 100.2
APS 6 86844 86844 100.0
EL 1 108291 107970 99.7
EL 2 133905 133014 99.3
SES 1 178500 177500 99.4
SES 2 229949 228711 99.5
SES 3 300700 300000 99.8
Table 5.5: Base Salary by sex
Classification Sex Employees P5 Q1 Median Q3 P95
n $ $ $ $ $
Source: 2013 APS Remuneration Report
Graduate Men 651 53652 57965 61288 63236 65338
Women 695 53652 56718 59773 63236 65029
APS1 Men 529 37985 43216 46790 48533 49697
Women 635 36886 41571 44969 48533 48613
APS2 Men 1214 48945 52084 54588 55096 56435
Women 2330 49023 52351 54588 55096 56435
APS3 Men 6075 55251 59310 61275 61970 62560
Women 11473 55485 59318 61512 62492 62560
APS4 Men 9333 62867 66904 69038 69239 70144
Women 20323 63197 67139 69239 69239 70144
APS5 Men 8697 69318 72806 74331 75208 76407
Women 12494 69145 72806 74451 75208 76407
APS6 Men 14740 78104 84473 86844 88306 89501
Women 17728 78054 83930 86844 89217 89400
EL1 Men 14289 100121 105362 108291 108796 115572
Women 13828 98827 105148 107970 108796 115778
EL2 Men 7626 120530 130545 133905 137700 151234
Women 5424 119726 128819 133014 136354 147296
SES 1 Men 1142 156374 173066 178500 191220 214737
Women 797 154500 170224 177500 190983 208500
SES 2 Men 358 201562 222174 229949 244078 270530
Women 206 198172 217272 228711 242000 267920
SES 3 Men 84 266855 285074 300700 327885 399040
Women 35 277023 287350 300000 313284 327504
Table 5.6: TRP by sex
Classification Sex Employees P5 Q1 Median Q3 P95
n $ $ $ $ $
Source: 2013 APS Remuneration Report
Graduate Men 651 61914 66981 70245 72974 75109
Women 695 61914 66297 69485 72974 75510
APS1 Men 529 43716 50151 53959 56875 59288
Women 635 42566 48346 52649 56007 58732
APS2 Men 1214 56556 60506 63580 65035 67593
Women 2330 56573 60989 63580 65172 67352
APS3 Men 6075 63696 68965 71955 73807 77507
Women 11473 64030 68982 71944 73586 76066
APS4 Men 9333 72589 77478 79902 81771 84535
Women 20323 72974 77521 79902 81771 83143
APS5 Men 8697 80081 85251 86844 88959 92362
Women 12494 79821 84443 86810 88821 91768
APS6 Men 14740 90601 98135 101424 104873 108494
Women 17728 90411 97823 101429 104895 107790
EL1 Men 14289 115618 123403 126149 127744 137827
Women 13828 114210 122782 125803 127844 137548
EL2 Men 7626 141133 153154 157033 165149 185591
Women 5424 139076 151346 156931 162930 178807
SES 1 Men 1142 205713 225435 236479 248240 266948
Women 797 204300 223101 234372 245974 260832
SES 2 Men 359 259756 282934 297067 309484 345108
Women 206 256855 277992 293486 310832 335014
SES 3 Men 84 330758 359670 378565 407065 485724
Women 35 345095 367076 381528 396677 409380
Table 5.7: TR by sex
Classification Sex Employees P5 Q1 Median Q3 P95
n $ $ $ $ $
Source: 2013 APS Remuneration Report
Graduate Men 651 61914 66981 70245 72974 75593
Women 695 61914 66297 69485 72974 75764
APS1 Men 529 43716 50151 54203 57334 60175
Women 635 42566 48408 52721 56571 59314
APS2 Men 1214 56556 60866 64815 65913 68394
Women 2330 56695 61183 64626 65941 68085
APS3 Men 6075 63719 68993 72354 74607 78746
Women 11473 64030 69163 72566 74368 77058
APS4 Men 9333 72874 77978 80985 82921 85292
Women 20323 73304 77978 81018 82921 84098
APS5 Men 8697 80206 85542 87582 89777 93262
Women 12494 79839 84678 87290 89574 92364
APS6 Men 14740 90797 98393 101887 105803 109370
Women 17728 90729 98135 101849 105816 108613
EL1 Men 14289 116263 123903 127298 129024 139112
Women 13828 114682 122976 126916 128985 138767
EL2 Men 7626 141645 154398 158658 167230 189889
Women 5424 139330 152156 158277 166006 182055
SES 1 Men 1142 207391 226492 237311 251097 270141
Women 797 206920 224791 235429 247120 263939
SES 2 Men 359 261576 284706 297353 311388 347316
Women 206 263371 283015 297011 312890 335757
SES 3 Men 84 330758 360908 382074 407394 485724
Women 35 345095 368196 385899 401289 426194

Employment category

APS employees may be engaged on either an ongoing or non–ongoing basis. Table 5.8 provides detail on the Base Salary by employment category and classification. Note, casual employees (non–ongoing employed for duties that are irregular or intermittent) have been excluded.

At the non-SES classifications, with the exception of the APS 1 classification, employees were overwhelmingly engaged on an ongoing basis. This is consistent with the Public Service Act 1999 s22(3) that “the usual basis for engagement is as an ongoing APS employee”.

At the APS 1 classification, 70.7% of employees are employed on an ongoing basis. APS 2, 3 and SES 3 have non–ongoing employee populations of between 9.0% and 11.1%. All other classifications have fewer than 4% of employees as non–ongoing

The number of non–ongoing employees reported at 31 December 2013 was lower than 31 December 2012. For official APS population data, please see the APSC snAPShots December 2013 online publication.

The median Base Salary for employees engaged on an ongoing basis was consistently higher than non–ongoing employees with the exception of the SES 1 and 3 classifications. As engagement on a non–ongoing basis is time limited, there is not the same time available for these employees to move up salary spans. Hence the trend of higher median Base Salaries for employees engaged on an on–going basis is not unexpected.

Table 5.8: Base Salary by employment category and classification
Classification Employees P5 Q1 Median Q3 P95 Average
OG NOG OG NOG OG NOG OG NOG OG NOG OG NOG OG NOG
n n $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $
Source: 2013 Remuneration Report

Note: OG = Ongoing employees—includes employees who are employed under PS Act s22(2)(a)

NOG = Non-ongoing employees—only includes employees who are on specified term/specified task PS Act s22(2)(b). Employees under s22(2)(c), commonly known as casuals, are excluded.
Graduate 1346 . 53652 . 57513 . 60871 . 63236 . 65029 . 60065 .
APS 1 823 341 38375 36424 44947 39925 47567 44650 48533 44969 49697 46872 46063 42661
APS 2 3197 347 50206 47354 53225 49009 55028 49747 55096 50903 56435 54564 54145 50137
APS 3 15956 1592 56069 53937 59933 54964 61512 56069 62492 58032 62560 61275 60869 56711
APS 4 28765 891 63983 60428 67139 61304 69205 63178 69239 64839 70144 68151 68137 63430
APS 5 20482 709 69395 67312 72806 68948 74331 69699 75208 72856 76407 75252 73993 70740
APS 6 31580 888 78547 74321 84609 77289 86844 81769 88893 86062 89400 89217 86071 81818
EL 1 27400 717 100121 92801 105362 98583 108013 103393 108796 107951 115572 115778 107501 103920
EL 2 12639 411 120325 113950 129878 126787 133777 133777 137188 140471 150691 183891 135165 137428
SES 1 1908 31 155035 155530 171460 161756 178330 182439 191220 193323 211334 220540 181518 184840
SES 2 545 19 201000 208711 221710 218545 229949 224071 244007 233466 267800 300000 233500 232873
SES 3 107 12 266855 244328 286500 287350 300000 333957 320000 370878 371315 408617 308180 332236
Total 144748 5958