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5 Additional information

The following section provides information on remuneration outcomes by employment instrument, by sex and by employment category.

5.1 Employment instrument

An APS employee may have their terms and conditions set by one of the following primary employment instruments:

  • Enterprise agreements (EA);
  • Australian Workplace Agreements (AWA);
  • Public Service Act Determinations (s24(1) and (3)) (PSAD); or
  • Common law arrangements (CLA).

A secondary employment instrument, an individual flexibility arrangement (IFA), may be used to vary the terms and conditions of an enterprise agreement subject to the employee being better off overall than they would have if no IFA were agreed to.

Employees in the non-SES classifications are usually employed under an EA with very small numbers at these levels using AWAs, PSADs and CLAs. While there has been a reduction in the number of AWAs from 2011 to 2012, the use of PSADs and CLAs has increased, but in only small numbers.

As at 31 December 2012, IFAs were in place for 3,184 APS employees. At the non-SES classifications IFAs were used most commonly at the EL 2 level with 1,652 or 12.6% of EL 2 employees.

As shown in Table 5.1, the most commonly used primary employment instrument at the SES levels was a PSAD.

For non-SES classifications, PSADs tended to deliver a lower median Base Salary compared with other employment instruments. Note that at the non-SES classifications PSADs are used as a short-term interim instrument during periods of structural change, such as machinery of government changes. CLAs provided the highest median salary outcomes at the non-SES classifications, but CLAs are used rarely with EL 2 having the highest use of only 0.4%.

At the SES classifications, there is no pattern as to which instrument provided the highest median value. At the SES 1 it was AWAs, SES 2 PSADs and at the SES 3, CLAs provided the highest median Base Salary. There was little difference between the median values provided by AWAs, PSADs and CLAs.

Table 5.1: Proportion of employees by employment instrument and classification
Classification Primary Secondary
EA AWA PSAD CLA IFA
n % n % n % n % n %

Source: 2012 APS Remuneration Report

Note:

  • EA = Enterprise Agreement
  • AWA = Australian Workplace Agreement
  • PSAD = Public Service Act Determinations (PS Act s24(1) & s24(3))
  • CLA = Common Law Arrangement
  • IFA = Individual Flexibility Arrangement
Graduate 1649 100.0 . . . . . . . 0.0
APS 1 1196 99.9 . . 1 0.1 . . 1 0.1
APS 2 3730 100.0 1 0.0 . . . . 7 0.2
APS 3 18722 99.9 . . 16 0.1 5 0.0 20 0.1
APS 4 30249 99.9 4 0.0 20 0.1 6 0.0 86 0.3
APS 5 21187 99.6 4 0.0 59 0.3 18 0.1 163 0.8
APS 6 32397 99.6 12 0.0 92 0.3 26 0.1 405 1.2
EL 1 28134 99.2 18 0.1 139 0.5 64 0.2 845 3.0
EL 2 12927 98.3 51 0.4 120 0.9 48 0.4 1652 12.6
SES 1 19 0.9 142 7.0 1452 71.8 409 20.2 3 0.1
SES 2 6 1.0 43 7.4 415 71.7 115 19.9 1 0.2
SES 3 1 0.8 9 7.1 96 76.2 20 15.9 1 0.8
Total 150217 97.78 284 0.2 2410 1.6 711 0.5 3184 2.1
Table 5.2: Base Salary by primary employment instrument: Graduate to APS 5
  Employment instrument Base Salary
Employees n P5 $ Q1 $ Median $ Q3 $ P95 $
Source: 2012 APS Remuneration Report
Graduate EA 1649 52327 55606 56944 61036 63443
AWA 0 . . . . .
PSAD 0 . . . . .
CLA 0 . . . . .
APS 1 EA 1196 35812 39722 43944 46807 48241
AWA 0 . . . . .
PSAD 1 43140 43140 43140 43140 43140
CLA 0 . . . . .
APS 2 EA 3730 47077 50758 52998 53752 54780
AWA 1 57583 57583 57583 57583 57583
PSAD 0 . . . . .
CLA 0 . . . . .
APS 3 EA 18722 53623 56683 59677 60671 60755
AWA 0 . . . . .
PSAD 16 51032 51032 53154 57338 60755
CLA 5 59212 59212 59212 61943 73394
APS 4 EA 30249 60811 64285 66935 67222 68088
AWA 4 62478 69783 77087 77087 77087
PSAD 20 55509 55509 57061 62152 66056
CLA 6 52225 65915 65915 77087 77087
APS 5 EA 21187 67596 70545 72487 73017 74167
AWA 4 69184 69585 76331 86026 89376
PSAD 59 61292 62609 67959 72635 75962
CLA 18 59633 68807 76682 78204 88073
Table 5.3: Base Salary by primary employment instrument: APS 6 to SES 3
  Employment instrument Base Salary
Employees n P5 $ Q1 $ Median $ Q3 $ P95 $
Source: 2012 APS Remuneration Report
APS 6 EA 32397 75543 80220 84478 85669 86779
AWA 12 72113 80948 89582 101664 105963
PSAD 92 69002 75962 77710 84467 86498
CLA 26 66055 90493 91118 95916 105459
EL 1 EA 28134 95914 101366 104825 105607 112753
AWA 18 99162 102264 106564 112914 123924
PSAD 139 87103 94100 103729 106170 112745
CLA 64 111872 155378 178752 184094 254025
EL 2 EA 12927 115390 125608 130460 132857 145132
AWA 51 123166 129464 145249 201096 386422
PSAD 120 114297 124308 130514 137896 150005
CLA 48 136174 163698 223440 258830 334705
SES 1 EA 19 156005 156005 156005 169000 225555
AWA 142 154500 167912 174647 199802 215161
PSAD 1452 149350 164800 170781 182988 203156
CLA 409 149703 167641 173136 188654 205897
SES 2 EA 6 190150 190150 190150 190150 190150
AWA 43 190550 203000 221000 265576 401863
PSAD 415 198261 215252 221965 234675 257500
CLA 115 182923 209963 221266 241342 257529
SES 3 EA 1 159981 159981 159981 159981 159981
AWA 9 260601 272950 283165 344375 399040
PSAD 96 251534 276298 280748 312750 425779
CLA 20 245362 281584 296210 306634 448061

5.2 Remuneration data by sex

This section provides information on the key remuneration components based on sex by classification level. Reporting on this dimension commenced in 2008 and the 2012 Report continues this time series.

Table 5.4 provides data on womens’ median base salary as a proportion of mens’ Base Salary. In 2012, womens’ Base Salary as a proportion of mens’ Base Salary was 100% or over at four classifications and varied from 97.4% at the APS 1 classification to 100.7% at the SES 3 level.

There were no significant differences between the sexes across the three key remuneration components: Base Salary, TRP and Total Reward across all classification levels at the median values. Across the 5th to 95th percentiles, the only variation is some deviation towards men at the 95th percentile at the SES 3 level.

Table 5.4: Median Base Salary and comparison by sex
Classification Median Base Salary
Men Women Women as % of Men
Source: Table 5.5
Graduate 57198 56944 99.6
APS 1 45116 43944 97.4
APS 2 53166 52998 99.7
APS 3 59512 60012 100.8
APS 4 66846 67189 100.5
APS 5 72518 72135 99.5
APS 6 84726 84053 99.2
EL 1 104960 104657 99.7
EL 2 130639 129283 99.0
SES 1 172781 170781 98.8
SES 2 221266 221266 100.0
SES 3 281166 283250 100.7
Table 5.5: Base Salary by sex
Classification Sex Employees n P5 $ Q1 $ Median $ Q3 $ P95 $
Source: 2012 APS Remuneration Report
Graduate Men 828 52325 56265 57198 61610 62374
Women 821 52327 55407 56944 61036 63443
APS1 Men 546 35812 41092 45116 47041 48241
Women 651 35812 38762 43944 46573 47680
APS2 Men 1223 46991 50758 53166 53752 54780
Women 2508 47077 50417 52998 53752 54780
APS3 Men 6466 52968 56504 59512 60726 60755
Women 12277 54061 56750 60012 60671 60755
APS4 Men 9442 60811 64231 66846 67222 68088
Women 20837 60811 64285 67189 67222 68088
APS5 Men 8798 67596 70545 72518 73017 74167
Women 12470 67494 70351 72135 73017 74167
APS6 Men 14822 75543 80251 84726 85254 86779
Women 17705 75254 80220 84053 85883 86779
EL1 Men 14501 96542 101390 104960 105739 112753
Women 13854 95127 101366 104657 105607 113224
EL2 Men 7788 116323 126095 130639 133681 147412
Women 5358 114452 124903 129283 132600 142316
SES 1 Men 1206 150359 167700 172781 185650 209978
Women 816 149350 164202 170781 181583 201336
SES 2 Men 363 195971 215343 221266 236900 261359
Women 216 190550 211150 221266 234675 258633
SES 3 Men 88 251534 276260 281166 318322 425779
Women 38 245415 276900 283250 304159 358750
Table 5.6: TRP by sex
Classification Sex Employees n P5 $ Q1 $ Median $ Q3 $ P95 $
Source: 2012 APS Remuneration Report
Graduate Men 828 60043 65016 65713 70573 72585
Women 821 60405 63757 65668 70166 74110
APS1 Men 546 41345 47357 52133 54910 57827
Women 651 41184 45328 50690 53992 57714
APS2 Men 1223 54593 58743 62025 63233 65999
Women 2508 54572 58529 61861 63300 66182
APS3 Men 6466 61396 65519 69325 72331 75522
Women 12277 61837 65591 69329 70946 74191
APS4 Men 9442 70433 74328 77706 79120 82597
Women 20837 69986 74150 77550 79076 81407
APS5 Men 8798 77861 82002 84300 86424 89869
Women 12470 77575 81521 84159 86049 89052
APS6 Men 14822 87294 93538 98305 101532 105941
Women 17705 86766 92897 98085 101269 104767
EL1 Men 14501 111579 118951 122316 125507 133149
Women 13854 110182 118039 121815 125433 132920
EL2 Men 7788 134381 147426 152768 159478 179238
Women 5358 133193 145878 151906 158339 173090
SES 1 Men 1206 198558 219645 229381 240156 256626
Women 816 198711 215771 226669 236458 252329
SES 2 Men 363 249733 275731 286857 298584 324071
Women 216 247430 273543 284430 299955 321708
SES 3 Men 88 329894 346817 359968 394564 513644
Women 38 321293 355811 365722 378526 463967
Table 5.7: TR by sex
Classification Sex Employees n P5 $ Q1 $ Median $ Q3 $ P95 $
Source: 2012 APS Remuneration Report
Graduate Men 828 60043 65016 65968 70691 72967
Women 821 60405 63757 65713 70694 74110
APS1 Men 546 41345 47440 52651 55510 58819
Women 651 41186 45676 50690 54483 58443
APS2 Men 1223 54664 59232 63198 64334 66829
Women 2508 54583 58697 62181 64258 66844
APS3 Men 6466 61488 65678 69803 73048 76696
Women 12277 61934 65808 69829 71446 74921
APS4 Men 9442 70486 74549 78170 79684 83457
Women 20837 70166 74404 78041 79620 82160
APS5 Men 8798 77888 82211 85199 87091 90777
Women 12470 77647 81627 84640 86703 89985
APS6 Men 14822 87524 93698 99150 102349 107038
Women 17705 87052 93296 98674 101974 105578
EL1 Men 14501 111826 119283 123697 126807 134600
Women 13854 110388 118549 123062 126466 133991
EL2 Men 7788 134785 148666 154310 161788 183585
Women 5358 133665 146666 153411 160644 176693
SES 1 Men 1206 199166 220987 232033 245548 264201
Women 816 200967 217329 228735 239915 261248
SES 2 Men 363 250224 277951 289241 304573 335090
Women 216 250727 276778 287569 302155 328677
SES 3 Men 88 329894 350592 363956 396301 513644
Women 38 343251 358222 367210 393599 463967

5.3 Employment category

APS employees may be engaged on either an ongoing or non-ongoing basis. Table 5.8 provides detail on the Base Salary by employment category and classification. Note, casual employees (non-ongoing employed for duties that are irregular or intermittent) have been excluded.

With the exception of the APS 1 classifications, employees were overwhelmingly engaged on an ongoing basis. This is consistent with the Public Service Act 1999 s22(3) that “the usual basis for engagement is as an ongoing APS employee”.

At the APS 1 classification, 66.5% of employees are employed on an ongoing basis. APS 2, 3 and SES 3 have non-ongoing employee populations of between 10.7% and 11.3%.

The number of non-ongoing employees at 31 December 2012 was lower than 31 December 2011.

The median Base Salary for employees engaged on an ongoing basis was consistently higher than non-ongoing employees with the exception of the SES 3 classification. As engagement on a non-ongoing basis is time limited, there is not the same time available for these employees to move up salary spans. Hence the trend of higher median Base Salaries for employees engaged on an on-going basis is not unexpected.

Table 5.8: Base Salary by employment category and classification
Classification Employees P5 Q1 Median Q3 P95 Average
OG n NOG n OG $ NOG $ OG $ NOG $ OG $ NOG $ OG $ NOG $ OG $ NOG $ OG $ NOG $

Source: 2012 APS Remuneration Report

Note:

  • OG = Ongoing employees—includes employees who are employed under PS Act s22(2)(a)
  • NOG = Non-ongoing employees—only includes employees who are on specified term/specified task PS Act s22(2)(b). Employees under s22(2)(c), commonly known as casuals, are excluded.
Graduate 1646 3 52327 52327 55606 52327 56944 54203 61036 59677 63443 59677 57865 55402
APS 1 796 401 35812 35356 42165 38762 45614 42094 47427 43944 48241 45614 44290 41026
APS 2 3310 421 48062 45725 51550 46991 53494 47884 53752 49400 54780 53425 52603 48524
APS 3 16740 2003 54435 52792 57713 53609 60012 54435 60726 55573 60755 60074 58905 54881
APS 4 29190 1089 61587 58668 64562 59688 67189 61356 67222 62711 68088 66659 65888 61669
APS 5 20365 903 67668 65351 70545 66884 72518 67828 73017 70576 74167 73021 71814 68834
APS 6 31626 901 75961 72035 80251 74906 84489 78000 85883 83628 86779 86618 83213 79064
EL 1 27691 664 96030 91237 101366 94933 104825 100422 105607 104811 113000 111171 104173 100616
EL 2 12731 415 115862 111107 125996 120182 130514 126293 133647 134146 146082 173400 130957 131271
SES 1 1970 52 150000 135221 166310 155524 172000 171778 185129 182475 205897 206099 175208 169331
SES 2 563 16 193846 194260 214596 209464 221266 219217 235746 227141 260000 265576 225309 220415
SES 3 112 14 251534 218857 276066 276298 282407 299095 310668 359884 412492 450005 299420 319967
Total 146740 6882