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5. Additional information

The following section provides information on remuneration outcomes by employment instrument, by sex and by employment category.

5.1 Employment instrument

An APS employee may have their terms and conditions set by one of the following primary employment instruments:

  • Enterprise agreements (EA);
  • Public Service Act Determinations (s24(1) and (3)) (PSAD);
  • Common law agreements (CLA); or
  • Australian workplace agreements (AWA).

An individual flexibility arrangement (IFA) may be used to vary the terms and conditions of an enterprise agreement. This is subject to the employee being better off overall than they would be if they remained on the terms provided by the EA.  

Most employees in the non-SES classifications are employed under an EA. Very small numbers at these levels are covered by PSADs, CLAs or AWAs. There has been a very small increase from 2013 to 2014 in the proportion of employees on PSADs. The proportion of employees on CLAs remains the same. There
are 136 AWAs remaining in the APS.

As at 31 December 2014, IFAs were in place for 3,535 APS employees, up from 3,295 in 2013. At the non-SES classifications, IFAs were used most commonly at the EL 2 level with 1,742 in place. However, this was down from 1806 in 2013.

Table 5.1 demonstrates that the most commonly used primary employment instrument at the SES levels was a PSAD.

For non-SES classifications, EAs tended to deliver a lower median Base Salary compared with other employment instruments (shown in Table 5.2). Note: at the non-SES classifications, PSADs are used as a short-term interim instrument during periods of structural change, such as machinery of government
changes. CLAs provided the highest median salary outcomes at the non-SES classifications. However, CLAs are rarely used at the non-SES classification levels. The EL 2 classification has the highest use of CLAs out of the non-SES classifications, with 0.6% of EL 2 employees covered by a CLA.

At the SES classifications, Table 5.2 shows that the employment instrument that provided the highest median value was AWAs. However, there was little difference between the median values provided by PSADs, CLAs and AWAs.

Table 5.1: Proportion of employees by employment instrument and classification
Classification Primary Secondary
EA AWA PSAD CLA IFA
n % n % n % n % n %

Source: 2014 APS Remuneration Report

Note:
EA = Enterprise Agreement
AWA = Australian Workplace Agreement

PSAD = Public Service Act Determinations (PS Act s24(1) & s24(3))

CLA = Common Law Arrangement

IFA = Individual Flexibility Arrangement

Graduate 1,158 99.8 . . 2 0.2 . . 15 1.3
APS 1 917 99.9 1 0.1 . . . . . 0.0
APS 2 3,193 99.8 1 0.0 6 0.2 . . 14 0.4
APS 3 15,813 99.6 . . 54 0.3 4 0.0 87 0.5
APS 4 28,239 99.7 2 0.0 71 0.3 11 0.0 159 0.6
APS 5 19,829 99.3 2 0.0 118 0.6 15 0.1 184 0.9
APS 6 30,111 98.9 6 0.0 306 1.0 24 0.1 506 1.7
EL 1 25,023 98.5 21 0.1 291 1.2 67 0.3 821 3.2
EL 2 11,419 97.6 37 0.3 175 1.5 75 0.6 1,742 14.9
SES 1 23 1.3 35 2.0 1,439 80.2 297 16.6 6 0.3
SES 2 14 2.8 24 4.8 385 76.5 80 15.9 1 0.2
SES 3 1 0.9 7 6.4 89 81.7 12 11.0 . 0.0
Total 135,740 97.4 136 0.1 2,936 2.1 585 0.4 3,535 2.5
Table 5.2: Base salary by primary employment Instrument: Graduate to APS 5
  Employment instrument Base Salary
Employees n P5 $ Q1 $ Median $ Q3 $ P95 $
Source: 2014 APS Remuneration Report
Graduate EA 1,158 53,652 57,965 60,158 63,236 68,027
AWA 0 . . . . .
PSAD 2 59,400 59,400 59,779 60,158 60,158
CLA 0 . . . . .
APS 1 EA 917 38,015 43,216 47,004 48,533 49,697
AWA 1 48,579 48,579 48,579 48,579 48,579
PSAD 0 . . . . .
CLA 0 . . . . .
APS 2 EA 3,193 49,321 53,129 54,588 55,096 56,435
AWA 1 59,311 59,311 59,311 59,311 59,311
PSAD 6 50,030 53,922 54,110 55,096 56,680
CLA 0 . . . . .
APS 3 EA 15,813 55,553 59,933 61,512 62,492 62,560
AWA 0 . . . . .
PSAD 54 45,198 51,009 51,009 60,803 75,451
CLA 4 62,379 62,379 63,090 65,272 66,743
APS 4 EA 28,239 63,960 67,247 69,239 69,239 70,144
AWA 2 79,400 79,400 79,400 79,400 79,400
PSAD 71 56,821 66,417 68,027 68,759 75,451
CLA 11 54,795 56,326 60,659 70,602 79,400
APS 5 EA 19,829 70,108 72,856 74,331 75,208 76,407
AWA 2 71,386 71,386 81,722 92,057 92,057
PSAD 118 69,221 74,481 74,875 77,888 83,940
CLA 15 72,248 75,398 83,285 85,734 86,758
Table 5.3: Base salary by primary employment Instrument: APS 6 to SES 3
  Employment instrument Base Salary
Employees n P5 $ Q1 $ Median $ Q3 $ P95 $
Source: 2014 APS Remuneration Report
APS 6 EA 30,111 79,759 85,301 86,844 89,217 90,157
AWA 6 66,744 82,194 83,451 104,714 104,714
PSAD 306 82,816 85,941 88,197 92,979 98,148
CLA 24 66,685 93,331 98,793 101,710 104,714
EL 1 EA 25,023 101,278 106,230 108,013 108,796 115,778
AWA 21 102,137 106,301 113,064 211,151 228,285
PSAD 291 104,894 105,362 109,001 115,572 120,420
CLA 67 114,326 187,690 199,075 205,024 258,073
EL 2 EA 11,419 122,743 130,894 133,905 137,188 150,343
AWA 37 123,600 132,053 138,555 157,674 413,858
PSAD 175 128,178 128,819 139,311 140,471 154,509
CLA 75 133,272 161,465 200,000 258,073 371,455
SES 1 EA 23 159,125 159,125 159,125 191,485 222,789
AWA 35 158,208 174,029 204,797 220,540 224,091
PSAD 1,439 154,933 173,519 178,289 191,220 215,662
CLA 297 157,500 176,253 187,076 202,773 218,439
SES 2 EA 14 82,900 193,953 217,184 244,007 272,215
AWA 24 195,123 207,872 251,943 262,079 434,489
PSAD 385 204,208 223,411 230,665 244,078 267,800
CLA 80 186,669 215,853 229,623 259,114 281,359
SES 3 EA 1 327,924 327,924 327,924 327,924 327,924
AWA 7 266,855 279,501 326,609 367,323 408,617
PSAD 89 272,659 287,350 300,000 327,504 389,948
CLA 12 288,249 300,018 313,732 340,638 557,930

5.2 Remuneration data by sex

This section provides information on the key remuneration components based on sex by classification level.

Table 5.4 provides data on the median base salary for women, as a proportion of the median Base Salary for men. In 2014, the Base Salary for women, as a proportion of the median Base Salary for men, was 100% or higher at five classifications. The figures varied from 96.8% at the SES 3 classification
to 100.3% at the APS 4 level.

In 2014, there were no significant differences between the sexes across the three key remuneration components: Base Salary, TRP and Total Reward across all classification levels at the median values. Across the 5th to 95th percentiles, the only variation was at the SES 3 level, with some deviation towards women at the 5th percentile and towards men at the 95th percentile.

Table 5.4: Median Base Salary and comparison by sex
Classification Median Base Salary
Men Women Women as % of Men
Source: Table 5.5
Graduate 60,158 60,158 100.0
APS 1 47,567 46,508 97.8
APS 2 55,058 54,588 99.1
APS 3 61,512 61,599 100.1
APS 4 69,038 69,239 100.3
APS 5 74,331 74,451 100.2
APS 6 86,844 86,844 100.0
EL 1 108,382 107,973 99.6
EL 2 133,905 133,747 99.9
SES 1 179,171 178,330 99.5
SES 2 230,852 229,948 99.6
SES 3 310,030 300,000 96.8
Table 5.5: Base salary by sex
Classification Sex Employees n P5 $ Q1 $ Median $ Q3 $ P95 $
Source: 2014 APS Remuneration Report
Graduate Men 603 53,652 57,965 60,158 63,236 66,586
Women 557 53,897 57,965 60,158 63,236 68,027
APS1 Men 412 39,620 43,773 47,567 48,613 49,697
Women 506 36,886 42,409 46,508 48,533 49,697
APS2 Men 1,102 49,009 52,291 55,058 55,096 56,435
Women 2,098 49,747 53,225 54,588 55,096 56,435
APS3 Men 5,621 55,521 59,933 61,512 62,492 62,560
Women 10,250 55,553 59,933 61,599 62,492 62,560
APS4 Men 8,994 63,990 66,904 69,038 69,239 70,144
Women 19,329 63,902 67,584 69,239 69,239 70,144
APS5 Men 8,182 70,302 72,856 74,331 75,208 76,407
Women 11,781 70,108 72,856 74,451 75,208 76,407
APS6 Men 13,799 79,759 85,301 86,844 88,833 90,369
Women 16,648 79,759 85,301 86,844 89,217 90,177
EL1 Men 12,893 101,441 106,301 108,382 108,796 115,778
Women 12,509 101,278 105,786 107,973 108,796 115,778
EL2 Men 6,805 123,280 131,700 133,905 138,460 151,430
Women 4,901 122,695 130,117 133,747 137,097 147,295
SES 1 Men 1,047 156,597 175,049 179,171 193,323 219,650
Women 747 155,035 170,467 178,330 191,485 215,662
SES 2 Men 321 201,562 224,071 230,852 247,460 272,215
Women 182 195,123 217,544 229,948 247,460 272,215
SES 3 Men 74 266,855 287,350 310,030 350,081 423,179
Women 35 272,659 287,350 300,000 320,000 364,464
Table 5.6: TRP by sex
Classification Sex Employees n P5 $ Q1 $ Median $ Q3 $ P95 $
Source: 2014 APS Remuneration Report
Graduate Men 603 62,084 66,979 68,978 72,974 76,387
Women 557 62,197 66,952 70,405 72,974 76,388
APS1 Men 412 45,721 51,526 55,513 57,427 60,055
Women 506 43,702 49,618 54,083 56,677 59,487
APS2 Men 1,102 56,556 61,017 63,678 65,269 67,912
Women 2,098 57,408 61,552 63,581 65,240 67,841
APS3 Men 5,621 64,117 69,510 72,291 74,518 78,460
Women 10,250 64,392 69,485 72,116 73,870 76,838
APS4 Men 8,994 74,055 78,516 80,039 82,464 85,461
Women 19,329 74,097 78,759 80,285 82,464 84,343
APS5 Men 8,182 81,862 85,778 87,430 89,639 92,961
Women 11,781 81,073 85,700 87,427 89,613 92,206
APS6 Men 13,799 92,150 99,505 102,232 105,472 109,340
Women 16,648 92,152 99,242 102,286 105,472 108,986
EL1 Men 12,893 118,434 124,647 127,002 128,611 138,139
Women 12,509 117,127 123,681 126,940 128,692 138,800
EL2 Men 6,805 143,570 154,292 157,937 165,501 183,742
Women 4,901 142,624 152,646 158,244 163,852 180,092
SES 1 Men 1,047 207,893 229,425 239,013 250,803 271,984
Women 747 207,691 225,435 236,980 247,487 265,363
SES 2 Men 321 264,238 289,144 300,094 313,277 342,749
Women 182 256,660 282,132 298,096 312,518 335,583
SES 3 Men 74 332,443 368,147 391,699 419,415 507,318
Women 35 347,067 366,316 384,802 400,064 454,736
Table 5.7: TR by sex
Classification Sex Employees P5 Q1 Median Q3 P95
n $ $ $ $ $
Source: 2014 APS Remuneration Report
Graduate Men 603 62,084 66,979 68,978 73,574 76,388
Women 557 62,197 66,952 70,405 73,574 76,388
APS1 Men 412 45,721 51,721 55,779 57,800 60,729
Women 506 43,702 49,618 54,090 57,141 59,892
APS2 Men 1,102 56,556 61,017 64,906 66,243 68,238
Women 2,098 57,408 61,744 64,544 66,243 67,959
APS3 Men 5,621 64,126 69,515 72,310 74,915 79,329
Women 10,250 64,422 69,510 72,291 74,074 77,326
APS4 Men 8,994 74,101 78,596 80,821 82,563 85,506
Women 19,329 74,101 78,788 80,700 82,464 84,381
APS5 Men 8,182 81,956 86,332 87,966 89,933 93,639
Women 11,781 81,192 85,786 87,743 89,692 92,745
APS6 Men 13,799 92,165 99,856 102,710 105,472 109,613
Women 16,648 92,165 99,448 102,527 105,472 109,144
EL1 Men 12,893 118,478 124,723 127,770 129,324 138,965
Women 12,509 117,374 123,778 127,339 129,184 139,243
EL2 Men 6,805 144,468 155,126 159,160 167,030 188,506
Women 4,901 143,111 153,302 159,020 165,501 183,782
SES 1 Men 1,047 209,133 230,274 239,722 253,035 275,666
Women 747 212,284 226,734 237,885 248,469 272,481
SES 2 Men 321 267,994 289,964 300,267 314,260 346,117
Women 182 265,131 285,602 299,681 313,921 347,255
SES 3 Men 74 332,443 369,202 393,868 419,415 507,318
Women 35 347,067 367,494 392,458 407,920 454,736

5.3 Employment category

APS employees may be engaged on either an ongoing or non-ongoing basis. Table 5.8 provides detail on the Base Salary by employment category and classification. Note: casual employees (non-ongoing and employed for duties that are irregular or intermittent) have been excluded.

At the APS 1 classification, 76.5% of employees are employed on an ongoing basis. The APS 2, 3 and SES 3 levels have non-ongoing employee populations of between 9.2% and 9.5%. All other classifications have fewer than 3.3% of employees on a non-ongoing arrangement.

The number of non-ongoing employees reported at 31 December 2014 was lower than 31 December 2013. For official APS population data, please see the APSC snAPShots December 2014 online publication.

The median Base Salary for employees engaged on an ongoing basis was consistently higher than non-ongoing employees for non-SES employees and consistently lower for SES employees. As engagement on a non-ongoing basis is time limited, there is generally not the same time available for these employees
to move through a salary scale. Hence the trend of higher median Base Salaries for employees engaged on an ongoing basis is not unexpected.

Table 5.8: Base Salary by employment category and classification
Classification Employees P5 Q1 Median Q3 P95 Average
OG n NOG n OG $ NOG $ OG $ NOG $ OG $ NOG $ OG $ NOG $ OG $ NOG $ OG $ NOG $

Source: 2014 APS Remuneration Report

Note:
OG = Ongoing employees—includes employees who are employed under PS Act s22(2)(a)
NOG = Non-ongoing employees—only includes employees who are on specified term/specified task PS Act s22(2)(b). Employees under s22(2)(c), commonly known as casuals, are excluded.

Graduate 1,160 . 53,652 . 57,965 . 60,158 . 63,236 . 68,027 . 60,343 .
APS 1 702 216 39,144 36,886 46,407 39,925 48,300 42,409 48,613 46,416 49,697 48,384 46,745 42,599
APS 2 2,896 304 50,892 47,096 53,513 49,009 55,096 49,747 55,096 50,877 56,435 53,504 54,338 50,065
APS 3 14,377 1,494 57,461 53,716 60,234 55,485 61,894 56,069 62,492 59,407 62,560 61,275 61,199 56,977
APS 4 27,379 944 64,605 59,368 67,820 61,910 69,239 63,197 69,239 65,508 70,144 68,027 68,414 63,684
APS 5 19,360 604 70,884 67,489 72,856 69,080 74,451 70,451 75,208 73,224 76,407 76,221 74,285 71,176
APS 6 29,604 843 80,040 75,088 85,301 78,532 86,844 82,479 89,217 86,438 90,276 89,943 86,800 82,572
EL 1 24,739 663 101,441 93,975 106,301 98,904 108,013 104,260 108,796 108,581 115,778 115,778 108,057 104,930
EL 2 11,335 371 123,478 115,778 130,894 127,929 133,905 133,787 137,586 140,446 150,862 180,465 135,609 137,108
SES 1 1,753 41 156,704 139,278 173,867 159,699 178,533 190,000 192,500 193,323 216,901 218,000 183,840 182,474
SES 2 487 16 201,000 82,900 222,173 216,773 230,000 234,130 247,460 262,079 272,215 300,000 234,942 232,936
SES 3 99 10 272,659 258,496 287,350 287,350 300,000 357,763 326,609 371,175 389,948 408,617 313,798 339,223
Total 133891 5506