Temporary employment: Guidelines
Last updated: 30 Nov 2017
This page is: current
For more information go to Management essentials.
Arrangements in individual agencies may also be included in workplace or enterprise agreements and internal agency policies.
The following information is in relation to APS employees who are engaged under section 22(2) of the Public Service Act 1999 (PS Act)
- for a specified term,
- the duration of a specified task; or
- to perform duties that are irregular or intermittent.
Non-ongoing (temporary) employment
The usual basis for employment in the APS is as an ongoing employee—section 10A(1)(b) of the PS Act.
The circumstances under which a person can be engaged on a non-ongoing or temporary basis are described in Part 3 of the Public Service Regulations 1999 (the Regulations).
Engaging a non-SES employee for a specified term
Regulations 3.5(3) to 3.5(5) relate to the employment of a non-SES employee for a specified term. For more information on the circumstances under which a person can be engaged for a specified term, see Appendix 1 at the end of this page.
Most commonly, engagement is in accordance with Regulation 3.5(3)(a), where
- duties are required for a limited period, and
- the performance of those duties is unlikely to be required at the end of that period.
The period of engagement
- is limited to an initial period of 18 months; and
- must be a reasonable estimate of the time required for the performance of the duties.
If the duties being performed are still required at the end of 18 months, employment can be extended up to a total maximum period of three years.
Examples of where a person may be engaged for a specified term include where an agency has:
- a temporary increase in its workload
- a temporary demand for employees with particular skills
- a need to replace an ongoing APS employee who is on leave or on temporary assignment elsewhere, or
- is waiting to fill a vacancy on an ongoing basis.
Engaging an SES employee for a specified term
Regulation 3.4 provides that a person may be engaged as an SES employee for a specified term not exceeding five years.
However, the engagement cannot be for a total period of more than three years unless it was originally advertised in the Public Service Gazette (the Gazette).
Regulation 3.5(2) provides that a person may be engaged as a non-SES employee for the duration of a specified task if, at the time of the engagement, the agency head is:
- able to reasonably estimate the duration of the task, and
- satisfied that the services of the person are unlikely to be required after the task is complete.
However, the engagement cannot be for a total period of more than three years unless it was advertised in the Gazette.
Irregular or intermittent (casual)
The types of duties covered by this category of employment would generally include:
- one-off short term tasks/duties that do not fit within either the specified term or specified task categories
- when duties need to be performed on an intermittent basis but where there is no regular pattern of work and part-time work is therefore inappropriate, or
- being on call or on a relief roster.
There are different advertising and assessment requirements depending on the type and duration of non-ongoing (temporary) employment.
For a summary of advertising and assessment requirements and extension periods for temporary employment, see Table 1 at the end of this page.
All engagements in the APS must be consistent with the principle of merit as described in the APS Employment Principles—section 10A(1)(c) of the PS Act.
Requirements for recruitment are set out in Part 3 of the Australian Public Service Commissioner's Directions 2016 (the Directions).
More information on Recruitment is at Managing essentials.
A non-ongoing (temporary) engagement can be extended to maximum periods described in Table 1 where:
- there is a continuing need for the duties to be performed
- the person engaged is performing the duties satisfactorily
- the agency head is satisfied that it is still appropriate for the duties to be performed on a non-ongoing basis, and
- the agency head is satisfied that the extension will contribute to efficient and effective organisational performance.
There may be circumstances where a person is engaged for a specified term to perform certain duties and at the end of that term they are engaged to perform recognisably different duties for another period. This is considered to be a new engagement – not an extension of the original engagement. Normal recruitment rules apply to the new engagement.
For non-SES employees, the Australian Public Service Commissioner may authorise an extension beyond the three year limit, for no more than 12 months, where the agency head considers that the engagement is necessary for the agency's operations and the Commissioner is satisfied that special circumstances exist.
State or territory employees
Under Regulation 3.5(6), an agency head may engage a person as a non‑ongoing (temporary) employee for a specified term if:
- the person is an employee of a State or Territory, or an authority of a State or Territory, and
- the agency head has entered into an agreement with a State or Territory, or an authority of a State or Territory, to engage the person as a non‑ongoing employee for a specified term.
The period of engagement may be decided by the agency head. Employment in these circumstances is not subject to the time limits for specified term employment or the usual rules regarding advertising and selection.
Non-ongoing jobs that may become ongoing
Where it is possible that a non-ongoing (temporary) job may become ongoing within 12 months, the vacancy can be advertised in the Public Service Gazette (the Gazette) as one that may be filled on either an ongoing or non-ongoing basis. Care must be taken that potential candidates understand that the opportunity is not an ongoing job at the time it is filled.
Filling an ongoing job in this way can only occur if the original job was advertised in the Gazette as either ongoing or non-ongoing.
Engage ongoing employee as non-ongoing
Section 24 of the Directions allows an agency head to engage a person who is an ongoing APS employee as a non-ongoing employee in certain circumstances.
For example, this may be considered as an arrangement to facilitate transition to retirement.
Engage non-ongoing employee as ongoing
Section 25 of the Directions provides that an agency head may ask the Commissioner in writing to authorise the engagement of a non-ongoing employee as an ongoing employee without a recruitment process.
In making the request, the agency head must be satisfied that the:
- duties of the job are more appropriately undertaken by an ongoing employee
- person to be engaged has the work-related qualities genuinely required to perform the relevant duties
- proposed ongoing job is at the same classification as the non-ongoing job
- original non-ongoing engagement followed advertisement of the vacancy in the Gazette, and
- engagement is necessary for the agency's operation.
The Australian Public Service Commissioner may authorise the engagement if he or she is satisfied that exceptional circumstances exist to justify the engagement.
Section 25 should not be regarded as a means of circumventing advertising and selection processes or correcting administrative errors.
Appendix 1 – Non-SES engagements for a specified term (Public Service Regulation 3.5(3))
The circumstances under which a person can be engaged for a specified term:
Sub regulation 3.5(3)(a)
The duties of the employment are to be performed by the person only for a limited period, and the performance of those duties by that person is unlikely to be required after that period.
For example, the agency:
- has a temporary increase in its workload
- has a temporary demand for employees with particular skills; or
- needs to replace an ongoing employee who is on leave or who is assigned to other duties.
Sub regulation 3.5(3)(b)
The particular skills, knowledge or experience required to perform the duties of the employment can best be met by employing a person who has recently worked in the industry that corresponds to the employment for which the person is being engaged.
Sub regulation 3.5(3)(c)
The purpose of the employment is to assist the person to gain:
- skills and experience, by participating in the workforce under a scheme approved by the agency head or by the Australian Public Service Commissioner; or
- a formal occupational qualification, license, accreditation or registration.
Sub regulation 3.5(3)(d)
The person has received a written offer of ongoing employment, but prefers to be engaged as a non‑ongoing employee.
Sub regulation 3.5(3)(e)
The person is an ongoing Parliamentary Service employee.
|Initial vacancy||Type of engagement||Advertising||Assessment|| Maximum period|
If advertised in the Gazette and there is a competitive selection process*
| Maximum period|
If not advertised in the Gazette and there is no competitive selection process*.
* A competitive selection process must meet the requirements of merit, see Recruitment guidelines|
**Where there is a possibility that an engagement may be extended beyond 18 months, it should be advertised in the Gazette and follow a competitive selection process
More than 18 months
|Specified term –non SES||Public Service Gazette (APSJobs)||Competitive selection process*||Up to a total maximum period of three years||N/A|
|Specified task-non SES||Public Service Gazette (APSJobs)||Competitive selection process*||To enable the completion of the task||N/A|
|Specified term –SES||Public Service Gazette (APSJobs)||Competitive selection process*||Up to a total maximum period of five years||N/A|
|18 months or less**||Specified term –non SES||Bring vacancy to the attention of the community||Satisfied that person meets the job requirements||Up to a total maximum period of three years||Up to a total maximum period of three years|
|Specified task non-SES||Bring vacancy to the attention of the community||Satisfied that person meets the job requirements||To enable completion of the task||Up to a total maximum period of three ears|
|Specified term- SES||Bring vacancy to the attention of the community||Satisfied that person meets the job requirements||Up to a total maximum period of five years||Up to a total maximum period of three years|
|Casual||Irregular or intermittent||Bring vacancy to the attention of the community||Satisfied that person meets the job requirements||N/A||N/A|